In September, 65 access incidents were reported, with the majority in Unity, Central Equatoria and Jonglei. Criminals and civilians were responsible for half (48 per cent) of all incidents, mostly involving robberies, ambushes and operational interference in Rubkona County and Juba. A third of reported incidents were significant in nature, predominantly related to the killing of an aid worker, interference in humanitarian activities and prolonged detentions. Violence against humanitarian personnel and assets continues to represent around half of all reported incidents (52 per cent).
An aid worker was killed by unknown armed men in Limbe, Yei County while traveling in a clearly marked vehicle, which brings the total number of aid workers killed since the start of the conflict to at least 110. This follows at least four serious attacks on convoys in Yei since March. At least 29 staff were relocated when fighting erupted in Koch in central Unity, which resulted in the suspension of operations. Operational interference in Ulang, Upper Nile has substantially increased, with the confiscation of assets and imposition of new rules and fines by non-state civilian authori- ties. A high-level mission to Akobo, Jonglei sought to address the difficult operating environment and extensive interference faced by humanitarian partners. A second high-level mission visited New Fangak, Jonglei to resolve worsening bureaucratic and operational interference by non-state civilian authorities. Engagement is ongoing, as authorities maintain that the 2017 Relief Organization of South Sudan circular must be formally retracted. Interference with humanitarian flights and cargo by state security forces is worsening at Rubkona airstrip, involving demands for fees and confiscations of cargo. An increase in illegal checkpoints and related taxation is reported along the Juba-Yei road. In support of Ebola preparedness efforts, negotiations continue to ensure access to high-risk areas and border entry points. Unless all parties to the conflict facilitate safe and unhindered access to these areas, such as Morobo, Otogo and Tore, humanitarians will struggle to establish adequate preparedness measures to screen and test potential Ebola cases.