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Mali: Floods - Emergency Plan of Action DREF n° MDRML013 / PML027

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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Since 7 th of August 2018, Mali has been affected by heavy rainfall, which peaked between 17 to 19 August, causing floods across the country. These floods have caused great damage in localities of six out of the ten regions of the country. In addition, according to the Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook, during the third week of August, heavy rainfall accumulations (>100mm) were received throughout several West African nations including Mali, after several previous weeks of heavy and above-average rainfall.

The situation, which in this current post-election period is currently affected by various types of crises (food insecurity, conflicts etc.), is likely to sustain further flooding problems in Mali and will only exacerbate the already enormous humanitarian needs in the coming months.

On 19 August 2018, the Red Cross committees made available initial results of the rapid assessments conducted following these rainfalls, with the below data:

  • 01 loss of life in Tondé-Darou,
  • 01 missing person in Kita,
  • 2,630 affected households; with an average of (05) five as the household size, the total population affected is estimated at 13,150 people.
  • 1,724 homes collapsed, partially damaged, or at very high risk.

This rapid assessment could not yet provide details of the damage on water and sanitation infrastructures, nor detail the damage on household’s food stocks or livestock assets. However, given the situation, it is expected that considerable damage was done to the facilities and assets of the population.