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UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #7– Reporting Period: July 2018

Countries
Ethiopia
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UNICEF
Publication date

Highlights

▪ Renewed inter communal violence in Gedeo-West Guji since 3 June has displaced 1,010,934 people.

▪ The government and humanitarian partners have launched a multisector response plan for Gedeo-West Guji with a funding requirement of US$ 117.7 million.

▪ With UNICEF’s support, 140,720 children under five have received treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) between January and May 2018.

▪ The National Flood Contingency Plan, estimates that 2,550,512 people will be affected by flooding, including 637,628 who are likely to be displaced during the kiremt rainy season.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian

Needs Since June, renewed Gedeo-West Guji inter-communal violence has displaced 1,010,934 people. There are 822,187 displaced people (113,760 households) in Gedeo zone,Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region (SNNPR) alone.1 The IDPs are spread across 183 sites in Bule, Dilla Zuria, Kochere, Gedeb, Wanago, Yirgachefe Woredas and Dilla and Yirgachefe Towns. In West Guji zone (Oromia), zonal authorities confirm at least 188,747 people are displaced across 28 sites in Abaya, Birbirsa Kojowa, Bule Hora, Gelana, Hambela Wamena and Kercha Woredas, 30 per cent of whom are female-headed households. On 22 June, the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and humanitarian partners launched a Multi-Sector Response Plan2 with a budget requirement of US$117.7 million targeting 818,250 people displaced by the Gedeo-West Guji violence. The Plan aims to address life-saving needs, ensure dignified temporary living conditions, mitigate/prepare for potential public health outbreaks, including measles and Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD), and ensure protection of vulnerable groups.

Based on the current incidence of floods and forecasts by the National Metrological Agency (NMA) during the kiremt season, the NDRMC and humanitarian partners developed a National Flood Alert, which was revised thrice, with the latest revision in June 2018 to update information on probable weather conditions during the 2018 kiremt season. The Alert identifies areas likely to be affected to enable timely mitigation, preparedness and response measures. Accordingly, a contingency plan developed jointly by the NDRMC and humanitarian partners based the most likely scenario on heavy rain in low lying areas. It is estimated that 2,550,512 people would be affected by river and flash floods in the 2018 kiremt season which runs from June to September. Out of these, 637,628 people across the country are likely to be displaced.

FEWSNET analysis shows that the 2018 Gu/Genna rains performed very well across most of southern and south-eastern, Somali region between March and May, with an early start of 10 to 20 days in some areas and cumulative rainfall exceeding annual average rainfall. Areas where seasonal rainfall performed particularly well include large parts of Jarar, Dollo, Liben, Gode, and Afder zones, as well as most pastoral and agro-pastoral areas of southern SNNPR, and far southern and eastern Oromia region. Generally, above-average rainfall throughout the season has contributed to significant improvements in the availability of pasture and water for livestock in most south-eastern pastoral areas. The Belg/Gu/Genna assessment results are under compilation which will inform the hotspot priority classification in each region. UNICEF, through the Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU), will compile and review the regional hotspot priority classification which will be followed by the revision of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) caseloads and all other sector needs to be included in the Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) 2018.

An AWD outbreak is ongoing in Tigray region as well as Afambo, Mille and Asayita woredas of Afar region. Overall, the number of AWD cases reported in 2018 is significantly lower compared to the same period last year.

The situation on the border with South Sudan remains calm though unpredictable. In the month of July, total arrivals were given as 22 by UNHCR compared to 885 in June and 1,841 in May. The reason for the sudden decrease is not yet clear.

Gambella Region in Ethiopia now hosts 426,550 South Sudanese refugees with 17,514 having arrived in 2018 so far.