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Niger: Floods (Maradi, Zinder and Dosso Regions) Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Operation n° MDRNE020, Final Report

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Description of the disaster

From 26 to 27 August 2017, continuous rainfall resulted in extensive flooding, destruction of houses and loss of household belongings in several parts of Niger. The floods affected all the eight administrative regions of the country, including Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey, Tahoua, Tillabery and Zinder.

According to the rapid assessment carried out by the Niger Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Government officials (Directorate of Civil Protection), as of 20th October 2017, at least 29,551 households (206,513 people) had been affected, with 12,000 houses destroyed. It was equally reported that 56 people died as consequence of these floods with many others injured and thereafter referred to the Niamey national hospital and other regional hospitals for treatment. In addition to the human casualties, the flood devastated at least 9,804 hectares of agricultural land with crops and some 145,115 kgs of stored food was washed out by water. More so, livestock was severely affected, with 16,048 animals, including small ruminants, cattle & camel heads and chickens, perished due to the flood. The most affected region was Dosso region with at least 10,590 people.

A detailed report provided by the Directorate of Civil Protection at the Ministry of the Interior indicated that in Agadez, at least 383 houses and 99 walls were either partially or completely destroyed and several personal belongings carried away by water. Also, 503 wells were submerged. In Dosso, 5 hectares of agricultural farm were also devastated, while in Maradi, 4 granaries and seven classrooms collapsed. In Tahoua, at least 59 granaries, 60 shops, 76 walls and 4 classrooms were destroyed. In Tillabery, 36 walls, 4 granaries, 299 houses partially destroyed, 20 bags of sugar washed away. In Zinder, 9 wells submerged by floods water. The flooding water also devastated 9,804 hectares of agricultural land (mainly in Agadez and Dosso), with crops and 823.18 tons of stored food.
As of the 30 August 2017, the displaced populations were being hosted by other family members. However, by December 2017, some were still living in the open air and in the schools of the affected areas, increasing their exposure to the extreme weather conditions, as well as their risk to communicable and respiratory diseases. In addition, water and sanitation infrastructures were submerged thus contaminated and heightening the risk of spread of waterborne diseases such as cholera.

Due to the above situation, Niger Red Cross Society requested support from the International Federation of Red Cross Societies through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to assist the most vulnerable people. Thus, on 12 September 2017, a DREF operation worth CHF 234,666 was granted to assist 5,600 people (800 households) in shelter, WASH and non-food items for 3 months.