The favourable weather conditions brought about by the Gu rains (April-June) have had a relatively positive impact on livestock conditions, water, pasture availability in Somalia. This, combined with a large-scale humanitarian assistance, have improved the food security situation in Somalia, breaking the downward trend which has emerged during the last two years. The gains are, however, still fragile.
The rains were not without negative impacts as severe flooding resulted in deaths, temporary displacements and damage to infrastructure and cropland. The cyclone Sagar has equally had a devasting impact in the North, especially in the Awdal district of Somaliland.
More than 2.6 million people are displaced, evictions of Internally Displace Persons (IDPs) are on the rise, and in total more the 5.4 million people - around 43 per cent of the population - need humanitarian assistance in Somalia.
To-date in 2018, the SHF has allocated or set aside nearly $35 million to life-saving activities in most regions of Somalia. Almost $22 million was allocated to 52 projects through the First 2018 Standard Allocation, which included intensified response to floods in Bay, Galgaduud, Hiraan and Middle Shabelle.
The emerging needs caused by the floods and the cyclone were also adressed by two different Reserve Allocations. Four national partners received $1 million for the integrated child protection and education response interventions in the flood-hit areas, complementing the $5.1 million Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) rapid response floods grant. Another $3.5 million has been released in response to the devastation caused by the Cyclone Sagar in the North, supporting rehabilitation of the most damaged communal infrastructure and other integrated response activities in Awdal region.
Currently, a third Reserve Allocation of $7.5 million is being programmed to support life-saving projects in the north of Somalia, specifically Bari, Nugaal, Sool and Sanaag. These regions did not benefit from the above-average rainfall during the last season, and the food security situation is worrying.
Despite some improvements, the lack of resources continues to restrict humanitarian actors’ ability to sustain response across the country. Donors support is urgently needed to avoid another deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Somalia.