The priority funding gaps presented here are intended to inform urgently required funding decisions by donors. The priorities have been reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator a.i, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the Commissioner of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC). This latest prioritization exercise follows the exercise conducted in May 2018.
Following preparatory work at regional level (consultation with regional Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group partners) and within sector-specific clusters (co-chaired by Government Line Ministries), Cluster Coordinators and key UN and NGO partners were convened by OCHA to consider response priorities and the most-critical funding gaps for the next three months in the context of the Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP).
This prioritization is framed around two types of crisis: a slow onset food security crisis, exacerbated by two years of consecutive droughts and lack of recovery, and rapid emergencies induced by conflict, diseases, and floods.
These crisis present various degrees of acuteness. They go from very severe (such as in the Gedeo-West Guji conflict where the needs are immense, and the crisis is at the eminence of further deterioration), to severe (such as in the Oromo-Somali conflict where more than a million people will soon be completing a year into displacement and are at risk of remaining in crisis in a protracted condition), to moderate (such as the drought and post-drought or recovery crisis that affect the food security and nutrition needs of millions of people).
During the prioritization exercise, particular consideration was given to the surge in humanitarian requirements following communal conflict between Gedeo zone of SNNP and West Guji zone of Oromia regions. The conflict left around one million people displaced since early June 2018. However, due attention must continue to adequately assist the more than 1.1. million people remain displaced due to the Oromia-Somali conflict since September 2017, and provide durable solutions where possible. Most recently, alerts of new displacement in Dawa zone has become a major humanitarian concern. And finally, to avoid a deterioration of the malnutrition crisis it is important to sustain the food response to the almost 8 million people who still depend on assistance due to the two consecutive years of drought without a recovery follow-up and the current erratic Belg rains in some parts of the country.
During this exercise, several agreements on common approaches to planning and response were reached. These include: 1) humanitarian action needs to be further stepped-up for at least the coming six months (potentially longer) whilst plans for durable returns or relocation (dependent on further reconciliation between affected communities, and agreements on border demarcation between the regions) are being implemented; 2) humanitarian partners working in woredas hosting IDP sites need to increase the frequency of response and protection monitoring visits to sites being targeted; 3) clusters need to ensure ‘minimum packages’ of response to sites above a certain size; and 4) give due consideration to all IDPs regardless of whether they were drought or conflict-induced. A summary of all the cluster-specific plans are included later in this document.
Donors interested to fund in line with these priorities are encouraged to consult with relevant clusters, and with OCHA for the latest financial tracking information. Donors are also encouraged to consider channelling support via the Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) - the humanitarian multi-donor pooled fund led by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator and managed on her behalf by OCHA - that enables the rapid and targeted disbursement of resources to UN and NGO humanitarian partners in line with this prioritization.
The total ‘top priority’ funding requirements to address critical gaps for the coming six months are $277.5 million.
The prioritized requirements reflected here do not include a shortfall of $102.8M in the integrated national food-cash plan, needed to ensure fulfilment in the NDRMC-implemented cash response to the end of the year.