I. PROJECT DESCRIPTION
1. The Emergency Flood Damage Rehabilitation Project (the Project) was formulated in response to a request for emergency assistance made by the Government of Bangladesh to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) after severe flooding in the north of the country in late June to early July 2004 that affected 39 districts, including Dhaka and other central districts. The floods were the country's worst ever in geographic extent and economic damage caused. Serious damages to infrastructure and other assets and economic disruption inflicted heavy losses on agricultural and industrial output and slowed down the growth in services.
2. The main objective of the Project was to help sustain economic growth by minimizing the devastating impact of the floods and thus enabling the early restoration of economic and social activities in the affected areas. Priority areas were identified in consultation with the Government and the private sector, and with the participation of communities. The project framework at appraisal, compared with the achievements of the Project, is shown in Appendix 1.(1)
3. A sector approach was followed in the selection of the highest-priority subprojects. This was most appropriate to the emergency situation, as it allowed a quick response and maximum flexibility in both geographic coverage and components, within the agreed framework and criteria.
4. The Project comprised of five components:
(i) Part A: Rural infrastructure. Rehabilitation and restoration of rural infrastructure, including rural roads, bridges, and culverts in 9 districts(2) under the ADB-assisted Third Rural Infrastructure Development Project,(3) and 15 other districts(4) in the worst-affected areas. In addition, flood and cyclone shelters were to be rehabilitated and provided with latrines to help communities, especially the poor.
(ii) Part B: Roads. Rehabilitation of flood-damaged national, regional, and district roads, bridges, and culverts in five of the country's seven road zones5-Barisal, Comilla, Dhaka, Rajshahi, and Rangpur.
(iii) Part C: Railways. Rehabilitation of flood-damaged rail infrastructure and facilities on the core rail network, including civil works to restore embankments, tracks, bridges, essential buildings, station roads, and signaling and telecommunications facilities. This component also included the provision of emergency equipment and materials to speed up repair work in future emergencies.
(iv) Part D: Water resources. Rehabilitation of flood control, drainage, and irrigation facilities; repair of embankment breaches; and repair or replacement of water control structures, protective works, and canals in 39 districts to restore them to their condition before the flood and to prevent or mitigate future disasters.
(v) Part E: Municipal infrastructure. Rehabilitation of: (a) roads, drains, bridges, and culverts; and (b) footpaths and drains in the slums of about 55 municipalities6 (pourashavas) in six divisions.
5. The Project also included capacity building and training in flood-resistant infrastructure design standards to strengthen the Government's disaster preparedness, and analytical input and capacity building to enhance early-warning systems. Two associated technical assistance (TA)7 projects were financed with a grant from ADB's TA funding program for this purpose.
6. The Government of Bangladesh was the Borrower, and the Executing Agencies (EAs) for the project components were the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) for parts A and E; the Roads and Highways Department (RHD) for part B; the Bangladesh Railways (BR) for part C; and the Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB) for part D. An ADB loan8 of $180 million equivalent from ADB's Special Funds (SF) resources financed part of the cost of the Project. It was approved as umbrella or standby financing on the understanding that part of the loan would be canceled as soon as grant financing became available from the Netherlands or Sweden. During project preparation both governments had expressed interest, through the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), in providing $27.7 million cofinancing for the Project. ADB also approved the associated TA 4562-BAN: Early Warning Systems Study for $250,000 on the assumption that it would later be replaced by a corresponding grant from the Government of the Netherlands.
(1) The project framework at appraisal has since been modified to conform to ADB's revised design and monitoring framework.
(2) Gaibandha, Jamalpur, Kishoregonj, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Mymensingh, Netrakona, Nilphamary, and Sherpur.
(3) ADB. 1997. Report and Recommendation of the President to the Board of Directors on a Proposed Loan to the People's Republic of Bangladesh for the Third Rural Infrastructure Development Project. Manila.
(4) Bogra, Naogaon, Sirajganj, Tangail, Sunamganj, Sylhet, Habigonj, Moulavibazar, Brahmanbaria, Narshingdi, Comilla, Chandpur, Feni, Laxmipur, and Noakhali.
(5) The road network is divided into seven zones, namely: Barisal, Chitaggong, Comilla, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, and Rangpur.