The Lake Chad Basin humanitarian emergency is among the most severe in the world. The protracted conflict has uprooted around 2.4 million people, stoked high levels of hunger and malnutrition, and subjected millions of civilians to extreme hardship. Insecurity is hampering the resumption of normal life, leaving conflict-affected families dependent on humanitarian assistance for survival.
Over the past two months, thousands of civilians have been freshly displaced and relief operations disrupted as armed attacks persist, particularly in north-east Nigeria and Far North region of Cameroon. In north-east Nigeria, around 2,600 people were freshly displaced in late June. In all, more than 100,000 have been newly displaced in Nigeria’s north-east since October 2017. In June, Cameroon’s Far North region witnessed a resurgence in suicide attacks. Two separate attacks hit localities near the border with Nigeria, claiming seven lives. They were the first such attacks in three months. OCHA continues to advocate with national authorities to safeguard the space for principled humanitarian action.
Food insecurity remains high across the conflict-hit region. Some 5 million people are food insecure. Parts of Chad and Niger have been hit by drought that has affected Sahel countries following poor rains in the 2017 season, leading to an early onset of the lean season.
The Technical Working Group on voluntary repatriation of Nigerian refugees in Cameroon agreed in June to facilitate registration, transportation and information provision to ensure safe and dignified return of civilians forced from their homes by violence. Incidents of refoulement continue to be reported despite an agreement on voluntary refugee returns.