The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency.
Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:
• potential new emergencies resulting from imminent disaster threats
• new developments in countries already affected by protracted crises which are likely to cause a further deterioration of food insecurity
This report is part of FAO’s efforts to systematically link early warnings to anticipatory actions. By providing specific early action recommendations for each country, the report aims to prompt FAO and partners to proactively mitigate and/or prevent disasters before they start to adversely impact food security.
Countries are categorized as “high risk” when there is a high likelihood of a new emergency or a significant deterioration of the current situation with potentially severe effects on agriculture and food security.
Countries categorized as “on watch” instead have a comparatively more moderate likelihood and/or potential impact, requiring close monitoring.
This report represents a summary and a prioritization of analysis provided by FAO’s corporate and joint multi-agency information and early warning systems:
• Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS)
• Food Chain Crisis and Emergency Prevention System (FCC-EMPRES)
• Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) and Cadre Harmonisé (CH)
In addition to these, a number of other external sources are consulted. The list of sources is available on page vii.
Countries with ongoing emergency response efforts are not included in the report, unless there are signs of potential significant deterioration. An overview of countries worldwide with humanitarian response plans or emergency plans is provided on page vi.
More details on the risk ranking methodology and the early action recommendations are provided on page ii.