This report covers the period of 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2007 of a two-year planning and appeal process.
Programme summary: The two-year programme got off to a challenging start with a series of severe storms from December 2005 through January/February 2006. The consequent disruption to the national society, Cruz Vermelha de Timor-Leste (CVTL) plans was significant. These storms were then followed by major civil unrest which began in February 2006. In total, tens of thousands were displaced. By the end of 2007, there was still a degree of instability: the situation, while relatively more stable, was still fragile. As a result of this series of disasters, the capacity of CVTL was stretched throughout the period. Nevertheless, during the second half of 2007 significant progress was witnessed.
A new organizational development (OD) strategy evolved in 2006. As a result, 12 of the 13 CVTL branches are stronger. In particular, branch volunteer activities in the community increased. In 2008, CVTL's capacity to achieve its strategic plan, and the Federation's Global Agenda, should continue to grow steadily.
Financial situation: The total 2006-2007 budget was CHF 2,839,843 (USD 2.54 million or EUR 1.72 million)(1), of which 98 per cent was covered.
No. of people helped: 57,459 (comprising the following: 8,937 in disaster management, 30,342 in health, and 18,180 in organizational development).
Our partners: Key supporters of this appeal were the New Zealand, Australian, German, Norwegian and Japanese Red Cross societies as well as the Avian Influenza Global Fund. Partner national societies engaged in other support beyond this appeal included the Australian, Austrian, Japanese, Norwegian and Spanish Red Cross societies. ICRC continues its work in Timor-Leste. Among the external partners who worked with CVTL were WHO, National Disaster Management Office, the ministry of health, ministry of agriculture, Seeds for Life, and University of Timor-Leste.
Poverty - compounded by the deep wounds in Timor-Leste society - remains the principal barrier to progress in this fledgling country. One-fifth of the population lives on less than USD 1.00 per day. Unemployment (particularly among youth) and the lack of opportunities exacerbate social tension. Only 15 per cent of those aged 18 and above hold a high school diploma, two per cent of the population has a university degree and half of all adults are illiterate. Massive migration to Dili saw the population double between 1999 and 2004, further adding to the stress. As stated above, the country was again vulnerable to disasters, both natural and man-made. An estimated 100,000 people (ten per cent of the total population) remain displaced 18 months after the unrest of May 2006.
National parliamentary and presidential elections in 2007 passed off relatively incident-free. There was evidence, however, of longstanding political rivalries/factions and it is clear that ongoing national reconciliation/dialogue initiatives face major challenges into 2008 and beyond.
Considering such a scenario, CVTL performed admirably. There are clear signs of progress and cause for optimism. Relations between the Federation delegation and national society counterparts continued to blossom, playing their part in the development of CVTL's capacity.
For further information:
Cruz Vermelha de Timor-Leste (Timor-Leste Red Cross): Isabel Amaral Guterres (secretary general); email: firstname.lastname@example.org; phone: +670.724.8963; fax: +670.332.1688
Federation delegation in Timor-Leste: Arne Jacobson (head of delegation); phone: +670.723.1434; fax: +670.332.2010
Federation Southeast Asia regional office: Alan Bradbury (acting head of regional office); email: email@example.com; phone: +66.2.661.8201; fax: +66.2.661.9322
Federation Asia Pacific zone: Jagan Chapagain (deputy head of zone), email: firstname.lastname@example.org, phone: +60 3 9207 5700; fax: +60 3 2161 0670
(1) Exchange rates: USD1.00 = CHF1.118, EUR1.00 = CHF1.65