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Djibouti - Drought DHA Geneva Situation Report No 1, 10 July 1996

Countries
Djibouti
Sources
UN DHA
Publication date

Ref: DHAGVA - 96/0190
1. GOVT OF DJIBOUTI ISSUED APPEAL FOR INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO DROUGHT VICTIMS.

SITUATION

2. SINCE FEB 1996, DJIBOUTI HAS BEEN AFFECTED BY DROUGHT, CAUSED BY LACK OF RAIN FOR OVER TWO YEARS. SITUATION WAS FURTHER AGGRAVATED BY ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION DUE TO DESERTIFICATION AND GRADUAL DIMINISHING OF UNDERGROUND WATER RESOURCES.

3. AFFECTED IS MOSTLY RURAL, NOMAD POPULATION IN FOLLOWING FIVE DISTRICTS: ALI-SABIEH (ESPECIALLY GOUBETTO, KABAH-KABAH, ASSAMO, GUESTIR, ALI-ADDEH, AND HOL-HOL REGIONS); DIKHIL (YOBOKI AND ASSEYLA ZONES); TADJOURAH (MAKRASSOUL, DORRA, ASSA-GUELA, DABNOU, ADGUENO, ASSAL, NEIMA, DEBNE-AURI, AND BAHLO); OBOCK (ADGUENOU ZONE); AND DJIBOUTI (DAMERJOB AND ARTAWEA ZONES).

4. ACCORDING TO GOVT REPORT, MORE THAN 100,000 PERSONS, INCLUDING 28,000 FARMERS, ARE THREATENED BY UNDERNOURISHMENT. ESPECIALLY AT RISK ARE SMALL CHILDREN, WHO ARE EXPOSED TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES. GOVT FEARS INFLUX OF DROUGHT AFFECTED POPULATION TO ALREADY SATURATED CAPITAL CITY, UNLESS EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE IS PROVIDED RAPIDLY.

5. PASTURES ARE DISAPPEARING, AND WATER POINTS ARE DRYING UP, ENDANGERING LIVESTOCK. POOR YIELD IS FEARED IN 96-97 AGRICULTURAL SEASON.

ASSISTANCE NEEDS

6. GOVT OF DJIBOUTI IS APPEALING FOR FOLLOWING ITEMS FOR 100,000 AFFECTED PERSONS FOR PERIOD OF SIX MONTHS

6.1 FOOD

RICE 9,000 MT (500G/PERSON/DAY)
OIL 800 MT (30G/PERSON/DAY)
POWDER MILK 900 MT (30G/PERSON/DAY)
ENRICHED FOOD 800 MT (50G/PERSON/DAY)

6.2 WATER SUPPLY

WATER TANKERS (DOUBLE BRIDGE CAPACITY OF 6,000L) 10
WATER TANKS 50
TRANSPORT TRUCKS (FOR 10T FOODSTUFF) 5

6.3 HEALTH

WHO PREPARED, IN CONSULTATION WITH GOVT, FOLLOWING LIST OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL NEEDS, WORTH OVER USD 393,000.

. .
QUANTITY
1 PROTEIN SOLUTION 10,000
2 VITAMIN B COMPOUND BPC TABS 2,000 PACKS
3 VITAMIN C + CALCIUM (SANDOZ)
VITAMIN C COMPRIME 500MG
30 PACKS
1,000 PACKS
4 VITAMIN A - RETINOL 50,000 IU OR 200,000 IU 100 PACKS
5 KMIX (PLUS SOYA BEAN OIL) 1,000 PACKS
6 DEXTROSE 5% IN WATER 500ML+ SET
OR SODIUM CHLORIDE 0.9% 500ML+ SET
5,000 PACKS
3,000 PACKS
7 MULTIVITAMIN TABLETS
MULTIVITAMIN DRY POWDER
(ONE SACHET TO MAKE 500 ML OF SYRUP)
1,000 PACKS
1,000 PACKS
8 AMOXYCILLIN 250MG TABLETS
AMOXYCILLIN 125MG/ML DRY POWDER
1,000 PACKS
1,000 PACKS
9 METRONIDAZOLE 250MG TABLETS
METRONIDAZOLE 125MG/ML DRY POWDER
200 PACKS
400 PACKS
10 CO-TRIMOXAZOLE 400 + 80MG TABLETS
CO-TRIMOXAZOLE 200MG + 40MG/5ML
(DRY POWDER FOR SUSPENSION)
1,000 PACKS
500 PACKS
11 ERYTHROMYCIN 250MG BASE TABLETS
ERYTHROMYCIN 25MG/ML DRY POWDER
200 PACKS
600 PACKS
12 PARACETAMOL 500MG CP 1,000 PACKS
13 PARACETAMOL SYRUP 125MG 5,000 FLACONS
14 PROMETHAZINE 1,000 PACKS
15 PROMETHAZINE SYRUP 1,000 BOTTLES
16 PROMETHAZINE AMPOULE 500 BOXES
17 FER FOLDINE 500 PACKS
18 PERSONAL EMERGENCY KITS 20 PIECES
19 PHLOROGLUCINOL COMP 1,000 PACKS/30 OP
20 PHLOROGLUCINOL AMPOULES 1,000 PACKS
21 STARTER KITS UNICEF 3

WHO ALSO RECOMMENDS ESTABLISHMENT OF HEALTH STATIONS IN STRATEGIC LOCATIONS TO MEET NEEDS OF NOMADIC POPULATION WHO ARE PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO DROUGHT.

6.4 LOGISTICS

GOVERNMENTAL "ONARS" (L'OFFICE NATIONAL D'ASSISTANCE AUX REFUGIES ET SINISTRES) IS RESPONSIBLE FOR RECEPTION, CONSERVATION, AND DISTRIBUTION OF RELIEF GOODS. ONARS ALSO REQUIRES SUPPORT IN CASH IN ORDER TO COVER COSTS FOR MAINTENANCE, STORAGE, TRANSPORT, AND DISTRIBUTION.

7. GOVT ALSO INDICATED NEED FOR BLANKETS/CLOTHING.

NATIONAL/INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

8. ON 10-25 APRIL, WFP CARRIED OUT ASSESSMENT MISSION TO FIVE AFFECTED DISTRICTS. WFP MISSION FOUND PASTURES IN STATE OF ADVANCED DEGRADATION AND LIVESTOCK UNDER-NOURISHED. PROBLEM OF ADVANCED MALNUTRITION WAS OBSERVED IN TADJOURAH AND OBOCK DISTRICTS.

9. WFP ESTIMATES THAT SOME 50,000 NOMADS ARE MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED AND IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE OVER PERIOD OF SIX MONTHS. GERMAN NGO AGRO-ACTION HAS ALREADY MADE TOTAL OF 2,729 TONS OF COMMODITIES (RICE, BEANS, OIL, AND SUGAR) AVAILABLE. ADDITIONAL 1,150 TONS OF CEREALS ARE ESTIMATED TO BE REQUIRED. WFP IS MONITORING SITUATION WHICH APPEARS TO HAVE EASED SOMEWHAT WITH COMING OF RAINS.

10. ON 26 JUNE, DHA/UNDP RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE CONVENED FIRST OF BI-WEEKLY COORDINATION MEETING, ATTENDED BY REPRESENTATIVES OF UN ORGANIZATIONS (DHA/UNDP, WFP, UNICEF, AND WHO), DONOR GOVERNMENTS, AND OTHER AID ORGANIZATIONS.

11. PARTICIPATING DONORS AGREED UPON NEED TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO 50,000 MOST SERIOUSLY AFFECTED PERSONS. SO FAR, UNICEF HAS SUPPLIED ESSENTIAL MEDICINES. TO PROVIDE LOGISTICS SUPPORT, UNDP HAS ALLOCATED USD 50,000, AND FRANCE IS MAKING LOCALLY-BASED FRENCH FORCES AVAILABLE.

12. DONORS STRESSED IMPORTANCE OF STRENGTHENING GOVT'S MANAGERIAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND OPERATIONAL CAPACITY TO PROVIDE DURABLE SOLUTION TO PROBLEMS OF RECURRENT DROUGHTS AND OTHER DISASTERS IN COUNTRY. DHA WILL VERY SHORTLY REVIEW SITUATION WITH GOVT OF DJIBOUTI AND RELEVANT ENTITIES OF UN SYSTEM AND SPECIALIST REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, WITH VIEW TO ADDRESSING PROBLEM.

13. DHA IS PREPARED TO SERVE AS A CHANNEL FOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TO BE USED DURING IMMEDIATE RELIEF PHASE. FUNDS ARE SPENT IN COORDINATION WITH RELEVANT ORGANIZATION OF THE UN SYSTEM. DHA PROVIDES DONOR GOVTS WITH WRITTEN CONFIRMATION OF UTILIZATION OF FUNDS CONTRIBUTED.

14. TRANSFERS OF FUNDS TO DHA SHOULD BE MADE TO DHA ACCOUNT NUMBER CO-590.160.1 AT SWISS BANK CORPORATION, CASE POSTALE 2770, CH-1211 GENEVA 2, WITH FOLLOWING REFERENCE: DJIBOUTI - DROUGHT, DHA-GENEVA.

15. FOR COORDINATION PURPOSES, DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM DHA-GENEVA, AS INDICATED BELOW, OF BILATERAL RELIEF MISSION/PLEDGES/ CONTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR CORRESPONDING VALUE BY ITEM.

TELEPHONE NO. +41-22/917.12.34
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY ONLY: TEL NO. +41-22/917.20.10
DESK OFFICER: MS. K. GOTOH, DIRECT TEL. +41-22/917.12.58
PRESS TO CONTACT: MS. M. MOULIN-ACEVEDO, DIRECT TEL. +41-22/917.28.56
TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
FAX: +41-22/917.00.23
EMAIL: DHAGVA @ DHA.UNICC.ORG
DPR 310 DJI 96(1)