The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is the current ECOWAS/Sahelian Regional framework for consensual analysis of acute food insecurity situations. The results of this analysis for sixteen northern states of Nigeria and the FCT were arrived at after analyzing the food and nutrition security outcome indicators and their relevant contributing factors namely, Hazards and Vulnerability, Food Availability, Access, Utilization including Water, and Stability.
Hazards and vulnerability:
Several zones in the sixteen (16) states and FCT were affected by such hazards and vulnerability as farmers-herdsmen conflicts which impact negatively on the food and nutrition security as well as livelihood of the people in these zones.
In the current situation, food supply and market stock level particularly in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States increased compared to last year and fiveyear average, due to better harvest and ongoing assistance. However, food availability is expected to decline towards the lean season (April – August 2018 in all the 16 states and FCT due to decrease in supply and depletion in the stock level of households.
Most households across the States experienced an increased food access due to the ongoing harvest from dry season farming and declining food prices between December 2017 and February 2018. However, there was an increase in the prices of staple food crops such as rice, sorghum and maize across the 16 states and FCT with variations ranging from 13 to 52 percent. Prices of legumes like cowpea increased by an average of 37 percent across the States in March 2018 compared to the same period in 2017. Although household stocks are expected to last for an average of 4 months across the states, this would decrease as the lean season approaches particularly in the conflict affected states (Borno, Yobe and Adamawa).
Food Utilization including Water:
The prevalence of diseases such as malaria, cholera and diarrhea were reported in Borno and other states due to limited access to water and poor hygiene.
In the upcoming lean season which is characterized by limited availability of food stocks and high food prices, food availability and access will deteriorate across the 16 states and FCT with severity being most pronounced in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.