Yemen is facing the world’s largest food security crisis following two and a half years of airstrikes, armed clashes and attacks on civilian infrastructure, which have also caused the spread of cholera at an unprecedented scale. Yemeni people are increasingly exhausting their coping mechanisms and as a result the humanitarian crisis remains extremely widespread. The expansion of the conflict has also led to large-scale displacement compounded with existing high levels of vulnerability, including high rates of malnutrition.
In response, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) developed the Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan (ELRP) 2018. This plan guides FAO’s response to prevent the levels of food insecurity and malnutrition from worsening. It sets out key emergency agricultural livelihood interventions to be implemented within the framework of the 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
The overall goal is to improve food security and nutrition, alleviate rural poverty, and enhance Yemen’s capacity to manage and respond to risks and threats in the agriculture sector through a resilience-based approach. In this regard, the plan reflects FAO’s strategic objective to strengthen livelihoods by helping countries to prepare for, manage and respond to threats and crises. The ELRP was prepared after an extensive analysis of the drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in Yemen, a thorough review of assessment reports, and discussions with FAO technical staff and local stakeholders.