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Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova: Annual Appeal No. MAA67003 2008-2009

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Дата публикации

This appeal seeks CHF 10,543,184 (USD 9,430,397 or EUR 6,389,808) to fund the planned programmes that are to be implemented in 2008- 2009.

In a world of global challenges, continued poverty, inequity, and increasing vulnerability to disasters and disease, the International Federation with its global network, works to accomplish its Global Agenda, partnering with local community and civil society to prevent and alleviate human suffering from disasters, diseases and public health emergencies.

Current context

The consequences of the huge economic decline which followed the break-up of the Soviet Union are still visible in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova. Even where there are positive economic indicators, especially in Russia, division between the rich and the poor is very deep. Domestic statistics state that around 20 per cent of the population live below the poverty line. In Belarus these figures reach the level of 40 per cent, compared to 27 per cent in Ukraine and 23 per cent in Moldova. This most significantly affects older people, children and migrants. Largely as a result of this economic and social picture, migration is a fact of life for many communities. In Moldova, about 50 per cent of those aged between 20 and 50 are thought to work abroad.

Poor socio-economic conditions aggravate the consequences of any disaster, with the degree of damage caused in the region increasing in each of the last four years. The number of earthquakes, fires, floods and wind storms is growing, but even more striking is the incidence of man-made disasters such as buildings collapsing, mine blasts and road accidents. Between January and October 2007, 27,289 people died in these types of accident and 243,000 were injured on Russian roads.

The incidence rates of Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV represent a major health problem. Ukraine has the most severe epidemic levels in Europe with 1.6 per cent of the adult population being HIV positive according to the Ukrainian National AIDS Center. Russia occupies the second place with regard to the spread of HIV; 940,000 cases were recorded in 2006 according to UNAIDS. The level is particularly high among young people with around 40 per cent of all HIV positive cases being people aged between 15 and 29 and inmates of the penitentiary systems with approximately four per cent. Poor public awareness, risky behaviour, traditionally low demand for condoms, significant injecting drugs use and inadequate health care exacerbate the HIV threat, particularly among the young people and those who live in correctional facilities. People living with HIV (PLHIV) are still subject to stigma and discrimination. With regard to the spread of TB, Russia occupies the highest place in Europe with 83.5 cases out of 100,000 people.

For further information specifically related to this Appeal, please contact:

In the Russian Red Cross: Raisa Lukuksova, Chairperson; email mail@redcross.ru, phone: + 7 499 126 5731; fax 7 499 230 2868.

In the Belarus Red Cross: Viktar Kalbanau, Secretary General; email: belarus.redcross@tut.by, phone: + 375 17 2272620; fax: + 375 17 2272620.

In the Ukraine Red Cross: Alla Khabarova, Executive Director; email: international@redcross.org.ua, phone: + 380 44 235 0334.

In the Moldova Red Cross: Larysa Byrka, President; email: crucearosie@moldnet.md, phone/fax: +373 22 72 96 44.

In the Regional Representation, Moscow: Alexander Matheou, Regional representative; email alexander.matheou@ifrc.org, phone: + 7 499 937 5267; fax: + 7 499 937 5263.

In the Europe Zone, Budapest: Leon Prop, Deputy Head of Zone; email: leon.prop@ifrc.org, phone: + 36 1 248 3324.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering quality and accountable assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org