As one of the most complex and longstanding emergencies in the world, the humanitarian crisis in Somalia contains various factors both natural and man-made. Large-scale famine was averted in 2017.
However, the impact of prolonged drought conditions has been devastating for Somali communities. More than 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance with 2.1 million people internally displaced. The ongoing conflict continues to reduce the resilience of communities and impacts access to basic services. Protection concerns as well as access to those in need remain important concerns for humanitarian actors in the country. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhea (AWD)/ cholera and measles continue to lead preventable deaths.
According to the 2018 HRP, over half of the 6.2 Somalis in need, 3.3 million people, will require urgent, life-saving assistance.
More than one third of those in need are IDPs. As of November 2017, 866,000 people are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), increased from 83,000 in January 2017.
Malnutrition rates have increased and the national median prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) is 17.4 per cent above the emergency threshold of 15 per cent. Over one million people have been displaced due to drought since January 2017.
The conflict in Somalia continues to impact the protection and human rights of communities. These abuses against civilians include widespread sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), child recruitment, limitations to the freedom of movement, forced evictions including of IDP communities and displacement.
The HRP response strategy focuses on supporting the provision of protection services to affected communities, including in hard-to-reach areas and in IDP sites targeting the most vulnerable, especially those at risk of exclusion through enhanced selection of the target population.
With 3.1 million Somalis in IPC Phase 2 Stressed, livelihood support is necessary to help these communities from sliding into Crisis or Emergency.
The livelihood assets of those in the Crisis and Emergency phases must also be protected. Water shortages, livestock losses and poor crop harvest due to prolonged drought conditions experienced by pastoral and agro-pastoral communities across Somalia require livelihood support as well as IDP communities and socially marginalized groups