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UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report, January – December 2017

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  • In 2017, a total of 43,444 under-five children with severe acute malnutrition (22,524 girls and 20,920 boys) were admitted and treated in health facilities across the country;

  • UNICEF supported the Minister of Health’s response to cholera through the provision of cholera treatment kits for total of 336 cases;

  • 48,835 affected people accessed safe and clean water with UNICEF support, and 172,000 people received hygiene supplies and life-saving information in areas affected by malaria and cholera;

  • 21,679 children benefited from critical protection services, 87 per cent of them (18,829) through 51 Child-Friendly Spaces (CFS);

  • UNICEF and the Ministry of Education provided 68,411 students (37,562 girls and 30,849 boys) school-aged children, including internally displaced and returnee children, with access to formal and non-formal learning opportunities

Situation in Numbers

1 million
Number of children in need (HNO 2017)

3 million
Number of people in need (HNO 2017)

Population seeking asylum in neighboring countries (UNHCR, December 2017)

Internally displaced people in 18 provinces (IOM DTM round 19, November 2017)

Situation Overview and Humanitarian

Needs During the course of 2017, Burundi continued to be affected by the political and economic crisis, which has affected the country since the attempted coup d’état in 2015. The vast majority of the population of Burundi has been impacted by the subsequent economic crisis which has seen one in 20 Burundians taking refuge in a neighbouring country or being internally displaced.

The socio-political situation in Burundi continues to exacerbate movement of population, increasing the humanitarian needs of children across the country. There are a total of 390,892 Burundi refugees in the region, the majority of whom are children (54.6 per cent), while the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) registered in eighteen provinces has decreased to 187,626 (IOM, November 2017), of which 58 per cent are children. The UNHCR-led repatriation plan is proceeding with 13,104people (including 7338children) returning to Burundi from 7 September –17 December 2017 (UNHCR, January 2018). An estimated 50,000 people have spontaneously returned.

Cholera continues to be of concern in Burundi. There are multiple small outbreaks which are, up to now, contained but are the consequence of an increasing shortage of safe water since the beginning of the political crisis in 2015 and the budget reduction in this sector. Since January 2017, there were 336 cases in five health districts, among whom 132 are children reporting zero deaths, (Cibitoke: 205 cases; Isare: 32 Bujumbura Nord: 7; Nyanza-Lac: 30, Mpanda: 30 and Bubanza: 32). All cases were identified and treated in local health structures.

The number of malaria cases has dropped substantially, and are at lower level than in 2016 level for same period. This demonstrates the positive impact of the measures implemented these last months by partners within the malaria response plan, especially the nationwide mosquito nets distribution.

According to the Ministry of Health (MoH) data, the cumulative number of malaria cases reported during the first 46 weeks of 2017 has reached (6,891,291 cases with 3,017 deaths compared to the same period in 2016 (6,863,285 cases and 3,288 deaths).