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Congo: Floods and Landslides No. MDRCG001 Final Report

Дата публикации

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered by this Final Report: 27 November 2006 to 24 February 2007

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

- CHF 145,912 was allocated from the Federation's DREF on 27 November 2006 to respond to the needs of this operation (refer to DREF Bulletin no. MDRCG001).

- DREF Bulletin Update No. 1 was issued on 16 March 2007

- This operation was implemented over 3 months, and was completed on 24 February 2007.

This operation was aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and Summary

In October 2006, heavy rains that caused flooding were experienced in Brazzaville, the capital city of the Republic of Congo (RoC). The rains caused serious damages. The flooding affected several neighbourhoods of Brazzaville, including Mpila, Mikalou, Tsiémé, Ma Mboualé, Petit-chose, Yoro, Mfilou, Ouenze, Talangai and Kinsoundi. The water rose to 2 meters in all these areas, submerging houses and causing damages as well as claiming human lives.

During a joint Federation/Congolese Red Cross evaluation mission in the field, the team reported landslides (erosion) as well as silting of sand; which confirmed reports by other UN agencies and Government services. The landslides affected Kombo, Eméraude, Ciespac and Kinsoundi areas. Public cemeteries of Itatolo, situated in the northern part of Brazzaville, were not spared by the landslides as many graves were washed away. More than 1,000 graves had been destroyed and a huge gully had been dug exposing many of the remaining graves. The landslides polluted the water that is used by the population and exposed them to waterborne diseases.

In Mpila, the central water collector had remained blocked for the past 25 years, resulting in water overflowing during the rainy season. A lack of latrines, due to the marshy soil, further exposed the population to waterborne diseases. This necessitated an urgent hygiene and sanitation intervention.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In RoC: Ngampolo Ida Victorine, President, Congolese Red Cross, Brazzaville; Tel:+242.668.82.49 or +254.538.76.36

In Cameroon: Javier Medrano, Federation Head of Central Africa Sub-regional Office, Yaoundé, Email: javier.medrano@.ifrc.org; Phone + or +; Fax +

In Senegal: Alasan Senghore, Federation Head of West and Central Africa Zone, Dakar; email: alasan.senghore@ifrc.org; telephone +221.869.36.41; fax +221.860.20.02

In Geneva: Jaime Duran, Federation Regional Officer for Central Africa, Africa Dept., Geneva; Email: jaime.duran@ifrc.org; Phone: +41.22.730.49.14, Fax: +41.22.733.03.95.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org