A HAZARDOUS LANDSCAPE
Tajikistan’s steep mountainous terrain make it highly susceptible to many natural hazards, including earthquakes, floods, landslides, and avalanches. Shocks like these are a recurring obstacle to sustainable development and put at risk more than 15 years of poverty reduction efforts. From 1992 to 2016, natural disasters affected 7 million people in Tajikistan – more than 80 percent of the total population – and caused economic losses worth $1.8 billion.
Climate change is exacerbating Tajikistan’s vulnerabilities, given that 30% of glaciers are predicted to disappear by 2050.
Tajikistan also remains one of the most isolated countries in the world – a situation made worse by landslides, debris flows and floods that can render bridges unsafe and roads impassable and, through time, weaken the flood defenses which protect its most exposed communities. Over and above this chronic challenge is the threat of rare but potentially devastating earthquakes, with more than 60% of the country located in zones of high seismic risk.
To secure a resilient future for the country, it is critical that the Government protect communities and livelihoods through safer, more reliable transport networks and flood defense, and strengthened emergency services.