This final report provides an overview of the operation which concluded on 31 May 2017. An allocation of CHF 161,163 was made from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 9 December 2016 of which CHF 141,516 was utilized. The balance of CHF 19,647 will be returned to the DREF. On behalf of the Solomon Islands Red Cross Society, the IFRC would like to thank the Canadian Red Cross/Canadian government for the generous contribution to the replenishment of this disaster relief emergency fund (DREF).
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
A 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit approximately 62km west-southwest of Kirakira in the Makira province of the Solomon Islands at 0439 hours on 9 December 2016. The impact was strongly felt in Makira, south of Malaita, north of Guadalcanal and in Rennell and Bellona. A tsunami was also observed in Makira. In the several hours following the earthquake, the Solomon Islands experienced ten significant aftershocks ranging from 4.5m to 5.5m.
Following initial assessments, the National Emergency Operations Centre (EOC), in collaboration with the Provincial EOCs of the impacted provinces, narrowed the scope and scale of the disaster to Makira and South Malaita where the most significant impacts were felt. Impacts in the Guadalcanal province were considered minimal.
The Solomon Islands government, its stakeholders and partners had immediately deployed relief items by boats to the impacted communities of Makira and Malaita. Relief items included tarpaulins, shelter toolkits and water containers. In addition, a Nomad water purifying unit, generator, water pump and 5,000-litre water bladder had been sent to Makira.
Initial government and Red Cross assessment data indicated an estimated 834 households (5,004 people) requiring non-food items (NFIs) assistance. This figure was later revised to 765 households (4,590 people) at the time of distribution when technical teams comprising representatives of the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) and Red Cross had the opportunity to verify the needs in each province.