During 2016, the WHO Country Office in Cameroon focused its technical and financial assistance on the implementation of priority health interventions of the sector. To this end, several major challenges were identified and significant results were achieved. Thus, in 2016, the Cameroonian health system was enriched with two strategic documents, namely: the 2016-2027 Health Sector Strategy and the 2016-2020 Health Development Plan. Response to the HIV pandemic consisted in supporting interventions to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV, increasing access to HIV counseling and testing, optimizing access to care and ARV treatment for adults and infected children under the "Treatment for All" approach, strengthening stakeholder coordination as well as capacity building of national officials to implement priority interventions. Tuberculosis has undergone a major transformation with the adoption by WHO of the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment of the standardized 9-month regimen. Malaria remains a major public health problem in Cameroon and is still an important part of the agenda of the Ministry of Public Health, WHO and their partners. The aim of the fight against this scourge is to scale up essential malaria control interventions with a utilization rate of at least 80% of the services and inputs offered. As for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), drugs and reagents were supplied to the Ministry of Public Health by WHO for the mass treatment of NTDs with preventive chemotherapy. With regards to non-communicable diseases, the control of these diseases is the challenge that partners must place more importance on in the future, given the increasing prevalence of these diseases among the populations. The improvement of Maternal and Child Health was achieved in 2016 through strengthening of the Health System, and the advocacy for more actions in the fight against maternal and neonatal mortality, with the involvement of all stakeholders. Epidemics and disasters in Cameroon all received appropriate responses. The control of Poliomyelitis further intensified in response to cases of wild polio virus detected in Nigeria and in border areas with Cameroon, requiring the recruitment of national consultants on a temporary basis. The strengthening of routine immunization continued and intensified interventions are projected in the coming years.
Despite the progress made, some problems were encountered, such as insufficient WHO staff causing a significant increase in workload, inadequate funding for some priority programmes (Health System, NTDs, and NCDs) and security stocks for emergencies.