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Needs Assessment Report - Tamdeen Youth Foundation (TYF) & Relief and Development Peer Foundation (RDP), February 6, 2017

Pays
Yémen
Sources
RDP
+ 1
Date de publication

Executive Summary

The current conflict in Yemen has dramatically affected all aspects of life and brought it to almost standstill in some areas. People are left with need to the most basic necessities of life. The violence gripped most of the districts in Taizz governorate and extensively damaged the infrastructure. Since January 7, 2017 intensive, violent airstrike by the Saudi led Collation as well as armed confrontation is running in Al Mukha coastal district leaving people in deadly life circumstances. Dhubab, the nearest district to Al Mukha, was previously targeted and dramatically affected by the conflict which led to the fled of people to safer areas. Then the neighboring district of Mawza become the host place for IDPs from Dhubab and Al Mukha districts.

Currently, the three districts are in the midst of an acute humanitarian crisis.
Consequently, Relief and Development Peer Foundation (RDP) and Tamdeen Youth Foundation (TYF) have conducted needs assessment that aims at determining the current situation for IDPs and the affected host communities in Al Mukha, Dhubab and Mawza districts and identifying their needs. For accuracy and verification purposes various tools have been used to conduct this assessment such as questionnaires, interviews, FGDs and HHs survey.

The findings of the assessment provide the necessary information to decide the proper and needed intervention areas. Shelter, food, water and sanitation hygiene , health are of urgent needs. Below are the main findings of this assessment:

  • Mawza’a hosted the largest percentage of IDPs coming from Al Mukha, while lower numbers of IDPs headed to Khawkha and Hays districts in Hodeidah. - 70% of Dhubab population had fled due to the escalation since the beginning of January 2017. However, during the last two weeks 28% of which have returned home in Wahija, Al Jadeed and Al-Kadaha.

  • 21,500 of Al Mukha population had fled due to the escalation of the conflict since mid of January, 2017.

  • 41,000 are trapped in Al-Mashaleeha, Al-Zahari and Al Mukha areas as roads are closed, even if roads are opened the majority of people are suffering from poverty and lost their means of livelihoods and they don’t have the cost of transportation to move to other safer places. People are suffering from the lack of drinking water, shelter food, and medicines.

  • The highest rate of displacement was from Dhubab where 98% of the population fled to relatively neighboring other safer areas.

  • Nearly 2100 IDPs fled from Al Mukha to Mawza district since January, 2017.

  • Thousands of IDPs from Dhubab had been forced to leave their homes and live out in open spaces as they cannot afford the transportation and other displacement needs costs.
    Based on these critical findings, it is recommended to:

  1. A ceasefire by the conflict parties to protect the lives of civilians trapped in the conflict areas in Al Mukha and the deliver the humanitarian needs to affected population either IDPs or host communities.

  2. Provision of emergency WASH, Food and health assistances to people in Al Mukha.

  3. Provision of food items for the returnee HHs in Wahija, Aljadeed and Al-Kadaha in Dhubab district as well as for the IDPs and host communities in Al Mandab and Mawza4. Coordination of integrated interventions for IDPs and affected host communities in Al Mukha, Mawza and Dhubab especially for IDPs living in the open spaces (provision of Shelter kit, food items, safe water and medical assistances).

  4. Provision of fuel to the local water corporation in Al Mukha district to operate the water project as well as the fuel necessary for water pumps in Al Mandab and Mawza.

  5. Support health centers for provision health and nutrition services.

  6. Coordination with conflict parties to for medical evacuation for wounded, injured and the critical cases among civilians.

  7. Launch an appeal for provision of humanitarian aid to the coastal areas in Taiz governorate.