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Sri Lanka: Severe floods and landslides - Emergency appeal n° MDRLK005 Operation update n° 4 (One year consolidated report)

Sri Lanka
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Operation summary Sri Lanka was hit by a severe Tropical Cyclone Roanu, that affected 22 districts out 25 districts in the country, destroying homes and submerging entire villages, triggering floods and a series of landslides that affected thousands of lives and livelihoods, and caused widespread property damage. Initial reports indicated 22 out of Sri Lanka’s 25 districts were reported to be affected, among them Colombo, Gampaha, Kegalle, Kurunegala and Puttalam and Ratnapura. At least 104 people are reported dead, 99 people are still missing – many as the result of a landslide in Aranayake, Kegalle District which devastated three villages – and more than 428,000 people affected. Some 4,000 houses were damaged and 600 more were totally destroyed. Thousands of people moved temporarily to camps to seek shelter. In Kegalle district, the Cabinet approved to construct 1,682 new houses.
An Information Bulletin was issued on 18 May 2016 and a Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) for CHF 249,443 was allocated on 21 May. This DREF was used as a start-up loan and an Emergency Appeal of CHF 3.6 million was launched on 24 May. Three operations updates were published on 10 June 2016, 1 July 2016 and the 6 months update on 22 December 2016.

SLRCS teams have completed the distribution of non-food relief items (NFRI). SLRCS also provided additional relief efforts such as food distribution and addition NFRI with bilateral support from ICRC, PNS and external partnerships outside the scope of this emergency appeal. Detailed assessment is being analysed and activities continue at the camps where the floods-affected population remain. The Government has assigned four camps to the SLRCS to manage in Kegalle – namely Pallepamunuwa and Narangammana in Aranayake DS division and Thunbage and Kalupahanawatta in Bulathkohupitiya DS division. SLRCS has provided first aid services at the camps through mobile clinics and Water and Sanitation support together with other partners. Two National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) members have been deployed to Kegalle to support Kegalle branch with its response. Well cleaning program, medical camps and the house cleaning and disinfection activities continue in all the affected districts.
Currently, beneficiary selection criteria for livelihoods support is also being developed.
SLRCS response operation is mainly covering three districts:

• Colombo: urban response to the flood affected population (mostly people living in slums around Colombo, but also other areas such as Homagama and Kaduwela divisional secretariat (DS) also affected). The operation went into recovery stage. All population is back to their normal living quarters.

• Gampaha: semi-urban area. SLRCS is providing support to the flood affected population in two of the “Divisional Secretary’s Division”, in Biyagama and Dompe. In that area, the waters are back to normal levels and all operation concentrates on recovery efforts.

• Kegalle: rural area most affected by the landslides, with people displaced in temporary camps.
The relief operation moved into recovery phase, with a focus on livelihoods support. Changes within the evolving situation were being monitored. The implementation of the recovery shelter component was put on hold due to the lack of funds and that whereby affected families can apply for conditional grants for purchasing land and constructing houses provided by the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL)