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Bangladesh: Cyclone Roanu - Emergency Plan of Action Final report (MDRBD016)

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A. Summary of the operation

Appeal coverage

The appeal coverage (excluding DREF allocation) was 47 per cent, of which 83 per cent was earmarked for specific activities or timeframes. The low funding coverage for the appeal and the earmarking resulted in substantial operational adjustments of the original plan. The adjustments are explained in section D of this report.

People reached

The operation initially planned to reach 55,000 people within the 10 months of operation. However, only a total of 36,000 people were reached which is 65% of the planned number of people to be reached. The reduced number of people reached is largely due to shortage of funding for the appeal.
Financial Status This emergency appeal sought 2,031,716 Swiss francs (CHF 2,031,716) of which CHF 951,452 was raised (47 per cent covered).
The current expenditure recorded is CHF 903,200 (94.9 per cent of income). As per the financial report attached, this operation closed with a balance of CHF 48,253.
The International Federation seeks approval from its donors to reallocate the balance of this operation to the IFRC’s Bangladesh Operational Plan 2017 – 2018 to support cyclone preparedness, logistics and warehouse capacity building in Bangladesh. Partners/Donors who have any questions in regards to this balance are kindly requested to contact IFRC Asia Pacific Regional Office within 30 days of publication of this final report. The reallocation will be processed and reallocated after this date.
On behalf of the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society, IFRC would like to thank partners and donors for their invaluable support towards this operation.

B. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

On 17 May 2016, Cyclone Roanu which originated from a low-pressure area that formed south of Sri Lanka, and gradually drifted north towards the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, intensified into a cyclonic storm on 19 May.
Roanu made landfall in the coastal region of southern Bangladesh on 21 May at midday. According to the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) phase one Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) report on 25 May, the cyclone affected 1.3 million people, with 27 people confirmed dead. The cyclone brought heavy rain, winds of over 100km/h, and storm surges peaking at 2.7 meters.
At least seven coastal districts were affected; Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Bhola, Barguna, Lakshmipur, Noakhali and Patuakhali.
Early warning systems were activated and over 500,000 people were evacuated to safer shelters prior to the cyclone’s landfall.
More than 75,000 houses were damaged or destroyed. The storm breached embankments causing floods, sweeping away fisheries and interrupting power supply.
The Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) had called an urgent coordination meeting on 21 May, along with the activation of the Shelter cluster and Early Recovery cluster on the same day. Government and UN agencies have mobilized their resources in response to the cyclone. A Joint Needs Assessment (JNA) was organized by the HCTT on 22 May in the most affected districts (Bhola, Chittagong, Lakshmipur, Cox’s Bazar, Noakhali, Patuakhali and Barguna). On 26 May 2016, the Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG) completed the report and presented it during an ad-hoc HCTT meeting. HCTT shared the Joint Response Plan (JRP) soon after with the inputs from all clusters. The Joint Response Plan (JRP) recommended humanitarian support to a minimum of 35,000 households (13 per cent of the total affected households of 260,000 reported by the JNA). This target was only focused on those living within the lower poverty line and did not include the early recovery target.
The Department of Disaster Management (DDM) was also responding to the needs of affected communities. Around 500,000 people took shelter in 3,494 safer shelters where the government provided dry food rations. The government allocated 3,522 MT of rice and cash of 10,052,000 Bangladeshi Taka (BDT 10,052,000), equivalent to CHF 128,800, to assist those impacted by the cyclone.
In view of the humanitarian needs and requested by the BDRCS, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released a DREF on 24 May, for enabling the National Society to deliver emergency assistance to the most affected population. The DREF support, enabled BDRCS to immediately provided emergency shelter, cash for food and basic household items to 3,000 families as well as provision of safe drinking water to 1,000 families. On June 2, an Emergency Appeal was launched for CHF 2,031,716 to support BDRCS to scale-up the delivery of humanitarian assistance to 55,000 people.