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Burundi: Complex Emergency Plan of Action Final Report (MDRBI012)

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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

April 2015: Following the President’s decision to run for another term tensions and violence erupts in the capital of Bujumbura and some provinces. This resulted in a number of casualties in the capital and large numbers of people fleeing the country.

June and July 2015: Presidential elections went ahead, however following Nkurunziza’s electoral success, opposition groups in exile aligned to form the National Council for the Restoration of the Arusha Accords.

September 2015: The El Niño weather phenomenon brings extensive rains, winds, landslides and floods in 15 out of 18 provinces causing extensive and widespread destruction. Many of the affected provinces do not normally have problems with flooding, and the others experience heavier rainfall than usual. The floods result in 80 deaths, 170 people injured, 821 houses damaged, 4,112 houses destroyed along with 15,265 hectares of cultivated fields; 154 schools and 50 bridges were also destroyed/damaged. It is estimated that 30,408 people have been affected (Burundi Red Cross Society).

January–February2016: IFRC deploys a one-person surge team (supported by British Red Cross) to work with BRCS to identify the priority needs and response actions.

March 2016: An IFRC surge operations manager (supported by Swedish Red Cross) is deployed to support the start-up of the operation and ensure coordination of activities with Movement and non-Movement partners.

April 2016: Emergency Appeal launched for CHF1, 532,090. IFRC’s Disaster Emergency Relief Fund (DREF) of CHF161,922 allocated to support the start of assistance.

May 2016: There were floods and landslides in Bujumbura, BRCS launched two camps to relocate the affected people in Mushasha I and Mushasha II. EA supported the activity.

July 2016: Cholera epidemics launched by health minister because Cholera outbreak was spread in different areas KABEZI, KANYOSHA, KINAMA, BUTERERE, NYANZA-LAC and RUMONGE with 240 affected people and 5 deaths. Emergency Appeal supported the activity.

December 2016: Cholera epidemics had been launched by the MoH in Cibitoke Province. In total 169 persons had been affected and fortunately no case of death noticed.