Ethiopia was hit by one of the worst drought for the first time in history in 2015. The seasonal assessments that followed the occurrence of the drought were able to identify the needs in the various sectors including the precarious protection situation of vulnerable groups including women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, internally displaced persons etc. The various requirements including protection needs were subsequently highlighted in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document. The Belg Assessments that were conducted in June 2016 in six Regions (Afar, Amhara, Somali, Oromiya, SNNPR and Tigray) were also able to show the existing situation in the assessed regions which helped in reviewing the 2016 HRD that was issued in Feb 2016. A protection analysis of the protection concerns that were captured during the Belg Assessments was done by the Protection Cluster to support efforts towards advocating protection response within the emergency context. Similarly, this summary of protection concerns as identified by the Meher Assessments that were conducted from 22 November to 9 December 2016 has the objective of increasing focus on the protection issues that arise during the drought emergency in the assessed regions; Benishangul, Amhara, Oromiya, Tigray, Harar, Diredawa, SNNP, Somali, Afar and Gambella. This protection summary is prepared also in cognizant of the fact that some positive steps have been undertaken by the government and various humanitarian actors to respond to the protection concerns that occur within the emergency context.