A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 14 August 2016, a 5.3 earthquake (on the Richter scale) struck Peru, affecting the province of Caylloma. The epicentre was in Chivay, Arequipa at a depth of 8km. According to the National Civil Defence Institute’s 28 November report, the earthquake left 4 people dead, 67 injured and 10,092 homeless and affected, and caused 136 dwellings to collapse, rendered 953 uninhabitable and damaged 1,802 dwellings and 12 schools; the destruction was mainly due to the 'shallowness' of the quake, the geological fault, the type of housing (adobe, which is mud and straw, and pirca, which is stone and mud) and the fact that many of the impacted houses were old. In Caylloma, the affected districts included Ichupampa, Chivay, Achoma, Cabanoconde. Yanque, Coporaque, Maca, Madrigal, Tapay, Huambo and Lari.
Per Peru's Geophysical Institute (IGP), 36 aftershocks were recorded after the earthquake, many of which caused landslides that blocked access roads; this situation caused significant concern and stress among the population. On 16 August 2016, the government declared a 120-day state of emergency in the affected areas.
In addition, there was increased activity from the Sabancaya Volcano during the operation, triggering other earthquakes, volcanic explosions and spewing ash, which also caused concern among the affected families.
The IFRC, on behalf of the Peruvian Red Cross would like to extend many thanks to all partners and donors for their generous contributions.
The balance of this operation (58,576 CHF) will be reimbursed to the DREF.
Summary of the current response
Through its National Society province branch in Arequipa, the Peruvian Red Cross (PRC) deployed a regional intervention team (RIT) on 15 August 2016 to conduct assessment and first aid care actions and to provide technical support to authorities in the area. The Peruvian Red Cross (PRC) maintained direct communications and contact with local and national government institutions, as well as with the humanitarian network to conduct activities in a complementary manner to optimize resources and generate synergies.
The National Society’s president and its disaster risk management coordinator and the IFRC's disaster management coordinator for South America, together with field teams, assessed the magnitude of the emergency on site and provided support to the provincial branch on the development of the plan of action and its subsequent implementation.
From the beginning of the operation, the National Society assigned a specific individual to oversee the provision of direct support to field actions, including the use of Open Data Kit (ODK) for the damage assessments and Mega V for the humanitarian aid distributions.
The Arequipa province branch deployed 57 volunteers to the field, as well as 8 National Intervention Team (NIT) members, who conducted damage assessment, psychosocial support (PSS) actions with affected families and delivered first response humanitarian aid to families who had lost their homes.
Overview of Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in country The regional IFRC office in Lima, Peru, through which the PRC coordinated with the disaster management delegate for South America. The Spanish Red Cross and German Red Cross offices in Lima were kept informed about the situation, and they were in coordination with the National Society.
The IFRC monitored the situation and coordinated with the National Society, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Humanitarian Network.
The ICRC offered to provide support on the restoration of family links if necessary at the onset of the emergency; however, these types of actions were deemed unnecessary following the assessments.