A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In the afternoon of 6 August 2016, torrential rains caused tremendous flash floods in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, severely affecting inhabited areas and agricultural regions in Skopje and Tetovo. The rain’s volume was measured at a quantity of 97 l/m2 , accompanied by strong winds of around 100 km/h.
The flash floods led to loss of human lives and significant material damages such as destroyed ring roads, streets, demolished vehicles and infrastructure, including water channels. The most affected areas were in the northern part of Skopje, where more than 70 per cent of the houses were flooded and had the furniture, personal belongings, food stocks and accompanying infrastructure inside fully destroyed. Beside Skopje, the severe flash floods also affected the area around the city of Tetovo. The most affected villages and communities were: Chento, Indzikovo, Singelich, Stajkovci, Smilkovci, Creshevo, Viniche, Strachinci in the Skopje region and Shipkovica, Brodec, Veshala and Poroj in the Tetovo region.
In the surrounding area of Skopje, where a new ring road was being built, most of the water channels were sealed during the construction works, which caused massive water quantities to gather and form a natural dam along the road side blocks. The accumulated water reached a critical level, the road collapsed and the water spilled towards the neighbouring villages flooding over 7,000 houses. The floods resulted in 22 casualties and more than 60 injured people as well as large material damage.
In the Tetovo region, the heavy rainfall resulted in the flooding of roads between the villages Shipkovica, Brodec, Veshala and Poroj isolating these four localities.