A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The first half of 2015 in South Sudan continued in the climate of conflict that started in December 2013, with low-level conflict starting up in Western Equatoria and Western Bahr el Ghazal, with May and June witnessing the most serious fighting of the year.
The general elections due in June 2015 were called off in February, in the same month that a Chinese battalion joined UNMISS amidst growing signs that no clear end to the conflict was near. Foreign expatriate numbers have seen a slow decline in South Sudan, as various international missions and organizations, including the UN, began to cut back on personnel (UNMISS has shed 10 per cent of its military and police in 2015 compared to 2014).
Entering the wet season in May 2015, the country was once more caught up in the middle of a cholera outbreak that was officially declared by the Ministry of Health on 23 June. This led to SSRC mobilisation and the launch of a Disaster Response Emergency Funds (DREF) operation in July 2015.
The conflict has been ongoing despite the most recent peace agreement in August 2015. This has created long-term humanitarian consequences for the affected population, including large displacement in the country and into neighbouring countries (Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya). OCHA estimates that 1.64 million people have been displaced within the country and a further 628,000 are living as refugees in neighbouring countries