Description of the disaster
Intensive rains in the DRC, starting from mid-November 2015, caused flooding across the country. As of 6 December 2015, these torrential rains caused the overflowing of the Ndjili and Congo Rivers, causing flooding in the municipalities of Limeté (in Kingabua Ndanu and Kingabua Pecheur neighbourhoods) and Matete (Debonhome and Salongo neighbourhoods) in Kinshasa. Some 10,560 people were affected (2,112 families), while 31 deaths and several injuries were recorded. An estimated 1,696 families (8,480 people) were displaced, having lost their homes and property following the floods. They were thus obliged to live in proximity within host families in neighbourhoods around the affected areas.
Amongst the destructions caused by the floods, was the damage of the water treatment centre of the Water Distribution Authority located on the banks of the N'djili River, which supplies water to the city, resulting in lack of drinking water for the population.
Although the floods receded in some neighbourhoods of Matete (Debonhomme and Salongo), part of Limeté neighbourhoods (Kingabua Pecheur and Kingabua Ndanu) remained under water, making the people in these areas turn to the use of canoes for movement. Other municipalities of Kinshasa, including Mont Ngafula, Ngaliema and Masina were also affected and the evaluation conducted in Mont - Ngafula provided key information (contained in Table 2 below), which led to the extension of the operation and expansion of activities to the Kindele, Kimbondo, Masanga-Mbila and Ngansele neighbourhoods of Mont Ngafula, to assist an additional 2,615 people (375 families).