A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Between 1 and 5 August 2015, torrential rains have caused floods in several Ri-s (villages) and in the outskirts of cities of south Hwanghae and north and south Hamgyong provinces of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). According to the State Committee on Emergency and Disaster Management (SCEDM), the Government of DPRK and the DPRK Red Cross Society (RCS), the floods affected 3,541 people, claimed 24 lives and 9 people are reported missing in more than 20 affected cities/counties. The floods have destroyed 714 houses and further damaged 276 houses. In addition, 4,011 hectares of crops, 4,930 m2 of roads, 632 m of bridges, 1,976 m2 of railway tracks and 5 km of water supply canals were damaged by the floods.
Hard on the heels of severe drought (reportedly the worst in a century) impacted dry rivers, estuaries, canals could not drain the huge volume of water and overflowed causing floods in settlements, cultivated areas and the destruction of properties and infrastructure. During the third quarter of the August, the country experienced a second round of flooding following Typhoon Goni. Although the country was not directly hit by the typhoon, many parts of the country were affected by heavy rainfall and flash floods brought by the system on 22 and 23 August. The greatest impact was felt in the northeastern city of Rason, near the border of Russia and China.
In two different major floods occurred during the first and fourth week of August, in 2015, DPRK received more than half of its annual average rainfall(321mm) causing wide spread damage and loss to lives, properties and belongings.
According to UNOCHA snapshot information, approximately 22,000 were affected, 14,500 people were displaced, 118 people confirmed dead, and 6,473 houses were either destroyed or partly damaged, 5,399 families had lost access to safe drinking water and 125 hectares of farmland and at least 375 MT of crops were lost in Rason area.