Mission Participants included representatives from TGH, IOM, HAC and WES.
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION
Due to tribal conflict between Salamat and Misseriya tribes that occurred in Um Dukhun locality in 2013 and 2014, massive population displacement occurred, mostly from Um Dukhun town and camp to surrounding villages, localities and South Darfur as IDPs, or to Chad as refugees. After the peace agreement between the two conflicting tribes was signed in June 2014, the overall security situation improved, allowing displaced household to start returning to their former villages, or to re-settle in secondary areas while waiting for the security situation to improve.
Beltebei village is located 10 km east of Um Dukhun. The population before the conflict was approximately of 3,000 households (15,000 individual), belonging to both Salamat and Misseriya tribes. The conflict heavily affected Beltebei area in on April 5 th 2013, leaving the entire village destroyed and therefore causing important population displacements of both Salamat and Misseriya tribesmen that were host communities of Beltebei into South Darfur and Chad.
To collect information regarding new arrivals of population in Beltebei village.
To assess the humanitarian situation and identify urgent needs of humanitarian assistance.
Report the situation to state level humanitarian partners for response coordination.
Different approaches were used to collect information. These included situation report provided by HAC commissioner, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with men and women from the community, informal interviews with a number of returnees and local leaders, random shelter visits and household interviews, assessment of water sources available and water sampling for water quality tests.
MISSION FINDINGS Security Situation According to interviews with community members and leaders, the security situation has significantly improved since the Peace Agreement in 2014 and no security incident connected to the inter-tribal conflict has threatened the achieved peace and stability in the village area.
An estimated caseload of 700 returnee households (3,600 individuals), all belonging to Miseriya tribe, arrived from Kabbum and Markundy villages in South Darfur, as well as from Haraza and Oyo villages in Chad. None of them were settled in camps in Chad. According to community leaders, the population caseload is expected to increase by another 500 households coming from South Darfur. This movement was not identified with pastoralism, as all Misseriya returnees are reported to be farmers originally from Beltebei, and returning due to the improvement of the security situation in the area and bad living conditions in displacement / refugee areas.
Needs of returnees and their situation
The joint mission team visited and interviewed a number of returnees in the village, and identified their main live-saving needs: Non Food Items and Shelter, Food, Water supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Facilities and access to Health Services as well as access to Education.