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Joint assessment mission report: Garaya village, Um Dukhun locality (Central Darfur)

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Govt. Sudan
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Mission Participants included representatives from TGH, IMC, IOM, HAC and WES.


As result of tribal conflict between Salamat and Misserya in Um Dukhun locality and Salmat and Taisha in South Darfur, mass population movement was caused in and out of the locality border either as IDPs in Um Dukhun town or as refugees to the neighboring Chad. After Chadian government decided to close Abu Gadam camp in January 2014 and proposed the transfer of the refugees to Karafe camp located100 km from the border, majority of Abu Gadam camp refugees along with persons in refugee-like situation living outside camps decided to return to Sudan, motivated as well by the general improvement in the security situation. Returns started in January 2014 in the villages in Um Dukhun locality close to Chadian boarder. The main settlement is located in Moradaf, area where estimated 5994 HH refugee-returnees have settled. After initial interventions by Um Dukhun based INGOs since June, and assessment mission of UNHCR and COR in December 2015, IOM DTM team is currently conducting registration in Moradaf.

Garaya village is located in 32km south-west of Um Dukhun, in Um Dukhun locality, very close to the Chadian boarder from the west and nearly shared boarder with Central African Republic (CAR) 3km. As the most UM Dukhun locality villages it’s effected by tribal conflict in the locality caused mass displacement and insecurity.

Before 2013, the population in Garya was estimated by 1000 HH( 6000 individuals), all of them displaced to Chad as refugees, some of them registered in Abu Gadam refugees Camp with total population 22000 individual and the other living outside the camp in some villages and towns inside Chadian boarder .

  1. To collect information regarding new arrivals of population in Garaya village.
  2. To assess the humanitarian situation and identify urgent needs of humanitarian assistance.
  3. Report the situation to state level humanitarian partners for response coordination.

In this mission different approaches used to get and collect information. These included situation report provided by HAC commissioner, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with men and women from the community, informal interviews with a number of returnees and local leaders, random household visits, assessment of water sources available and water sampling for water quality tests.