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Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Southern Africa and Indian Ocean (ECHO/-SF/BUD/2016/91000) Last update: 30/10/2015 Version 1

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The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 5 000 000

The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's1 partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.


The present 2016 HIP primarily targets countries in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region where ECHO has been repeatedly reacting in emergency interventions, aiming at emergency preparedness and addressing the context-specific vulnerabilities with the objective to enhance resilience of the hazards-exposed communities. Therefore, the focus will be mainly on Madagascar, Malawi and Mozambique. In addition, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Namibia, Comoros will be integrated and prioritized in case of need, because of large proportions of the population having been recurrently affected by natural disasters and seasonal food insecurity in the last three years. Any other country in the region targeted by the regional DRR initiatives will also be considered in the perspective of preparedness.

According to the 2014 Human Development Index, Southern African and Indian Ocean countries of Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique rank 174, 156 and 178 respectively out of 187 countries. Madagascar and Lesotho are rated 155 and 162 respectively. ECHO's 2015 Integrated Analysis Framework (IAF) identified high humanitarian needs in Malawi and Mozambique, whilst the vulnerability of the population affected by the crisis is assessed to be high.

Exposure to natural hazards is predominant, especially to hydro-meteorological hazards, such as namely tropical cyclones, floods and droughts, the effects of which can create or heighten humanitarian crises. Droughts affect the largest number of people in the region and floods occur frequently along the major river systems. Cyclones mainly affect Madagascar, Mozambique and some of the Indian Ocean islands.

The 2014/2015 Southern African rainfall season saw massive floods in the east of the region, and poor rains almost everywhere else. About 1.82 million people across the region were affected and 539 people lost their lives, making it the worst floods season in at least a decade, possibly since the great floods of 2000. Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar accounted for over 97% of all flood-affected people in the region.