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Tajikistan: Floods and mudflows - Emergency Plan of Action Final Report Operation n° MDRTJ022

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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

High temperatures and the rapid melting of snow and glaciers between 1 July to 22 July 2015 triggered mudflows and floods in the Gorno Badakhshan province and the Rasht valley of Tajikistan. The assessments showed that the abrupt increase of air temperature in many mountainous areas of Tajikistan intensified the glaciers` melting and caused floods and raised the water levels of the rivers. The disaster affected the basins of the rivers Pyanj, Gund, Vakhsh, Zaravshan, Kafernigan, Isfara and Isfana. In the most devastated villages of Barsem, Berdibekobod and Kolkhozobod of Shugnan district of the GornoBadakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) 72 residential buildings were completely and 14 partially destroyed, furthermore 140 families were evacuated to safer places in Khorog city and neighbouring villages.

Besides that, one secondary school, six shops, two pedestrian bridges and two motorway bridges, one petrol station, 6 kilometres of high-voltage power line (35 kWt), 2 kilometres of power line (10 kWt), 2 kilometres of regional level motor road, five parking lots, six cars and 1,300 metres of irrigation channels as well as 3,000 various trees. Motor roads, power lines, agricultural lands, buildings and similar facilities, and other socio-economic infrastructure were destroyed. Even a section of the strategic Khorog-Murgab road of 3.5 kilometre length was completely destroyed.

On 20-21 July 2015, heavy rains resulted in floods and mudflow in several communities in Rasht District, Directly Ruled Districts (DRD). Over 400 households (2,300 people) in Bedak village and 260 households (1,756 people) in Halqarf village of Navdi Jamoat did not have electricity and drinking water due to infrastructure damages. At least 60 houses were completely destroyed and 100 others partially damaged, and the population lost home properties and food. The disaster also damaged the local infrastructure, farmlands, power and water supply systems. Altogether, 929 families (5,401 people) were directly affected in GBAO and Rasht Directly Ruled Districts.