1. Executive Summary
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Special Liaison Office (SLO) in Addis Ababa, with funding from the European Commission for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), works with the Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners to conduct internal displacement monitoring in multiple regions in Ethiopia. The objective is to bring about timely and accurate data, on the causes, number of individuals displaced, locations of displacement as well needs verses response, in order to improve humanitarian response and to advocate for durable solutions.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Report (IDMR) is compiled and presented on a quarterly basis. It is an activity jointly undertaken by IOM, National Disaster Management Coordination Council (NDMCC), Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureaus (DPPBs), humanitarian partners, and NGO partners in order to ensure a more targeted, coordinated and needs based response. The quarterly IDMR for the period October to december 2015 incorporated a trend analysis comparing the same quarter in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015; with the intention to show the reader the scale, dynamics and seasonal trends of internal displacement over time.
The methods used to collect data for the quarterly Internal Displacement Monitoring Report were: Key informant interviews with local authorities and IDP representatives, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), structured questionnaires i.e. IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and IDP registrations in ‘protracted’ IDP sites. In addition, IOM used census data and government led joint multiagency assessment reports to validate the data.
A total of 182,991 individuals (99,184 or 54.2 per cent male and 83,807 or 45.8 per cent female) were newly internally displaced in Afar, Amhara, Gambella, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions during the last quarter of 2015 due to conflict (43,758), drought (61,866), flooding (73,467) and the effects of volcano (3,900).
• 14,922 individuals or 2,487 HHs were displaced in Elidar and Mille woredas of Awsi zone due to drought.
• 14,538 individuals or 2,423 HHs were displaced in Abala, Bidu, Erebti and Megale woredas of Kilbati zone due to drought.
• 3,900 individuals or 650 HHs were displaced in Bidu woreda of Kilbati zone due to the effects of volcanic eruption.
• 21,450 individuals or 3,575 HHs were displaced in Amibara, Awash Fantale and Gewane woredas of Gabi zone due to drought.
• 6,546 individuals or 1,091 HHs were displaced in Awura and Gulina woredas of Fenti zone due to drought .
• 4,410 individuals or 735 HHs were displaced in Dalifage, Dawe and Telalak woredas of Hari zone due to drought .
• 7,945 individuals or 1,589 HHs were displaced in Chilga and Metema woredas of North Gonder zone due to conflict.
• 2,325 individuals or 465 HHs were displaced in Itang special woreda due to conflict.
• 545 individuals or 109 HHs were displaced in Whantoa woreda of Nuer zone due to conflict.
• 27,965 individuals or 5,593 HHs were displaced in Hawi Gudina woreda of West Harerge zone due to conflict.
• 1,430 individuals or 286 HHs were displaced in Ameya woreda of Southwest Shewa zone due to conflict.
• 350 individuals or 70 HHs were displaced in Gola Oda woreda of East Harerge zone due to conflict.
• 495 individuals or 99 HHs were displaced in Arba Minch Zuriya and Bonke woredas of Gamo Gofa zone due to flooding.
• 46,530 individuals or 7,755 HHs in East Emey (4,866 individuals), Kelafo (27,678 individuals) and Mustahil (13,986 individuals) woredas of Shebelle zone were displaced due to flooding 10.
• 19,944 individuals or 3,324 HHs were displaced in Dolo Ado woreda of Liben zone due to flooding 11.
• 2,298 individuals or 383 HHs were displaced in Fik (1,164 individuals or 194 HHs), Garbo (84 individuals or 14 HHs), Hamero (810 individuals or 135 HHs) and Laga Hida (240 individuals or 40 HHs) woredas of Nogob zone due to conflict 12.
• 6,498 individuals or 1,083 HHs in Deboweyin woreda of Korahe zone due to flooding 13.
• 900 individuals or 150 HHs in Shekoshi woreda of Korahe zone due to conflict.