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Kismaayo Mapping Exercise (December 2014)

Countries
Somalia
Sources
ARC
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BACKGROUND

Kismayo, the second largest city in south-central Somalia has been devastated by civil conflict, floods, famine and the prolonged presence of AS, until October 2012. Most IDPs in Kismayo live in former government buildings, or their ad-hoc settlements occupy the former government land.
Some IDPs have spend over 21 years in these camps. On November 21, 2013, the Jubba Interim administration (JIA), Office of the President, issued an eviction notice for all IDPs living in the government owned properties to vacate them before January 20, 2014. An assessment of the impact of the eviction process performed by UNHCR/ARC in the camps in January 2014 shows that 2,578 families in 23 camps/ buildings are affected by the eviction.

Multiplying the effects caused by the large-scale evictions within the past six months, heavy rains in late May 2014 caused significant flooding in Kismayo and surrounding areas and extensive damage, including the complete destruction of four IDP camps (Joint Flood Assessment 6.14).

The IJA has relocated between 2000 floodaffected IDP households from Kismayo town and the surrounding communities to a central camp deemed “Tourist Area,” close to the IJA statehouse.
This fact-sheet presents an analysis of primary data collected by ARC, IOM, NRC, UNHCR,
UNOCHA, SAF and HINNA during the month of April in Kismayo. The collection of data was closely supervised by the Shelter Cluster in Somalia.

The objective of the infrastructure mapping exercise is to provide a useful and timely ‘snapshot’ of the IDP1 settlements2 in Kismayo, with a main aim to map out the basic services that IDPs can access in their respective settlements.

This factsheet does not aim to provide detailed programmatic information; rather it is designed to share with a broad audience a concise overview of the current situation in this area.

Settlements in Somalia generally are divided into numerous ‘umbrellas’. Each umbrella is made up of multiple IDP settlements. Umbrella leaders are responsible for the oversight and management of the settlements. Each of the settlements generally have an elected leader or ‘gatekeeper’ responsible for multiple IDP settlements and landowner engagement.

Settlements in Somalia are often divided by natural land boundaries belonging to one or more landowner.

The report takes into account several key limitations in the collection of data:

• Due to budget restrictions and the short time-scale, general data on each settlement was collected through a key informant interview (KII).3

• Due to security restrictions and the capacity of field staff, the methodology used for average shelter density was limited to six case-studies and random sampling in the other settlements. The perimeter was not very accurate.

• Data collected may reflect both IDP and host community needs.

• Other approaches based on probability sampling, including cluster and area sampling4 , were considered but were not used due to budget restrictions and nonavailability of updated Satellite imagery. Emphasis was given to collecting reliable GPS data for the perimeter, density and facility purposes, which resulted in less representative data at the household level.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.