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Venezuela: Floods - Apr 2022

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Types de catastrophes

This year, the rainy season in Venezuela has been atypical. As a result, on 27 April, the states of Mérida, Zulia, Trujillo, Táchira, and the Capital District and Greater Caracas were declared in a state of emergency. On 27 May, an orange alert was declared in the Zulia region due to increased rainfall and the re-re-channelling of the Zulia River to the southern Lake Maracaibo. This situation has affected an estimated 56,778 people, 6,159 houses and a loss of 150,000 agricultural hectares in the Zulia province.

According to the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, three more tropical waves were expected to hit early June, worsening the country's severe conditions. Since June 6th, the impact of the Tropical Storm Six has exceeded the response capacity because of the damages reported due to the saturation of soil humidity, which caused floods across the country. In the state of Merida, 30,000 people have been affected in at least 20 sectors, including the damages to houses and infrastructure, and roads are waterlogged, limiting the access to communities. (IFRC, 22 Jun 2022)

Since the beginning of the rainy season (late-April), heavy rains and floods have affected 86,800 people (56,778 people in Zulia and 30,000 in Mérida states). The intensity of the rains are aggravated by La Niña phenomenon. On 21 June, the governor's office of the Zulia state decreed a state of alert. New tropical waves with short intervals of time between (2 or 3 days) continue, breaking previous year's rainfall records. The 2nd tropical storm of the hurricane season is expected to affect northeast Venezuela on 30 June, with possible localized flash flooding and winds to tropical-storm-force expected.

DG ECHO mobilized EUR 150,000 in emergency humanitarian funding to assist 1,000 families (5,000 people) in the states of Mérida, Táchira, and Zulia in the areas of shelter, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, livelihoods and protection, gender, and inclusion through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). (ECHO, 30 Jun 2022)