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India: Floods and Landslides - May 2022

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Heavy rainfall has been affecting northeastern India (in particular Arunchal Pradesh, Assam, and Meghalaya States) since 13 May, triggering landslides and causing river overflow and floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media report, as of 16 May, seven fatalities, of which one in Itanagar City (southern Arunchal Pradesh), due to a landslide, three in the Dima Hasao District (central Assam) also in this case due to a landslide, and three more across central Meghalaya (two in East Khasi Hills District and one Ri-Bhoi District) due to floods. Moreover, in Arunchal Pradesh media report three injured people, while in Meghalaya one person is missing. In addition, 70 destroyed, hundreds of damaged houses and around 25,000 affected people were reported across several Districts of Assam. (ECHO, 16 May 2022)

The number of fatalities has increased in north-eastern India, after landslides, floods and rivers overflow have been affecting particularly Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, and Meghalaya States. According to media, at least five persons died and six others were injured after two landslides hit Itanagar City (Arunachal Pradesh) on 16 May. Floods in central Meghalaya State caused three fatalities. In Assam State, two people died and three others are missing in Cachar District, as reported by the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA). About 33,000 persons have been displaced to relief camps, while more than 197,000 people have been affected. 12 relief distribution centres have also been opened up. Rescue operations are being carried out by National and State Disaster Response Forces (NDRF & SDRF), Fire and Emergency Services and local population. (ECHO, 17 May 2022)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect northeastern India (in particular Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, and Nagaland States) and the neighbouring eastern Bangladesh (particularly the Sylhet Division) since 13 May, triggering landslides and causing river overflow and floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In India the death toll reached 16. Media report, as of 19 May, 8 fatalities in Assam (across Dima Hasao, Cachar, and Udalguri Districts), 5 fatalities in Arunchal Pradesh (across the Itanagar District) and 3 more fatalities in Meghalaya (across East Khasi Hills, and Ri-Bhoi Districts), mainly due to floods and lanslides. In addition, 4 missing people were reported across the aforementioned States. The flood situation has particularly deteriorated in Assam. Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) report, as of 18 May, 662,385 people affected and nearly 40,000 displaced in 27 districts of the State. (ECHO, 19 May 2022)

Heavy rainfall continues to cause widespread and severe flooding and landslides across north-eastern India, resulting in increased human impact. According to media reports in India, at least 33 people died in Bihar State due to floods, thunderstorms and lightning, while floods and landslides in Assam State caused at least 14 fatalities and affected about 1.7 Million people in 29 districts. (ECHO, 23 May 2022)

The State of Assam (north-eastern India) continues to be affected by floods and landslides, leading to casualties. According to the Indian National Disaster Management Authority (NDMI), at least 36 people have died since the beginning of April. About 26,600 individuals have been evacuated to relief camps across Assam. (ECHO, 1 Jun 2022)

A number of landslides triggered by heavy rainfall have been affecting western Meghalaya State (north-eastern India), resulting in casualties. According to media, three people died and one other was injured after a landslide in West Garo Hills District, while one individual died due to a landslide in South West Garo District. The area has already been affected by recent severe floods, which caused damage to properties and road sections. (ECHO, 10 Jun 2022)

On 13 June, a landslide triggered by continuous heavy rainfall occurred in Guwahati City (Assam State, north-eastern India), resulting in at least four fatalities, as reported by media. Since the beginning of the current monsoon season in India, Assam State has been one of the most affected areas. According to the Indian National Disaster Management Authority (NDMI), at least 38 people have died and nine others are missing. about 145,700 individuals have been evacuated to relief camps across Assam, while more than 121,200 houses have been damaged or destroyed. River Brahmaputra River is flowing above the danger level and rescue efforts are being undertaken by State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), district administration, Fire & Emergency Services and Police. Besides flooding Assam, the southwest monsoon active in sub-Himalayan Bengal and adjoining areas has also led to landslides at a number of locations in the state of Sikkim and flooding in Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar and Cooch Behar districts of north Bengal. (ECHO, 16 Jun 2022)

With rains continuing relentlessly in Assam, as of 16 June, approximately 1.1 million people in 1,702 villages of 35 districts have been affected including Bajali, Darrang and Goalpara which are the worst affected. According to Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) 68,331 inmates have taken shelter in 150 relief camps and 42 deaths have been recorded since the beginning of the monsoons in 2022. Apart from Assam, extremely heavy rains have affected normal life in Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh, nine persons, including six children, died due to the monsoon floods and landslides. (ECHO, 17 Jun 2022)

Heavy monsoon rains continue to affect particularly north-eastern India and Bangladesh, triggering landslides, causing rivers overflow, a number of severe weather-related incidents and floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In India, NDMI reports, as of 21 June, 358 fatalities across Himachal Pradesh (147 fatalities), Assam (81), Meghalaya (34), Gujarat (26), Bihar (17), Kerala (14), Arunachal Pradesh and Karnataka (12 each one), Tripura (5), Punjab, Nagaland and Maharashtra (3 each one), and Sikkim (1). NDMI reports 54 missing persons, 937 injured people, nearly 380,500 evacuated people in 2,551 relief centres and over 130,500 damaged houses in 135 Districts across the aforementioned States. (ECHO, 22 Jun 2022)

Heavy monsoon rains continue to affect several States of India since mid-May, triggering landslides, causing floods, and a number of severe weather-related incidents that have resulted in casualties and damage. According to the National Institute of Disaster Management (NDMI), 418 people have died, most across Himachal Pradesh (152 fatalities), Assam (100), Meghalaya (34) and Madhya Pradesh (34). A total of 56 people are still missing, 946 are injured and more than 450,000 evacuated in 3,130 relief camps. (ECHO, 24 Jun 2022)

As of 29 June, the death toll reached 601 people throughout the country, as reported by the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI). The worst affected States are: Himachal Pradesh (with 163 fatalities), Assam (139), Maharashtra (60), Bihar and Madhya Pradesh (46 each one), Gujarat and Meghalaya (36 each one). NDMI also reports 55 persons still missing, over 1,100 injured people, more than 527,000 evacuated people in 3,631 relief centres and nearly 145,000 damaged houses across affected States. (ECHO, 30 Jun 2022)

A massive landslide triggered by heavy rainfall occurred in the Tupul Yard Railway construction camp (Noney District, Manipur State, north-eastern India) on 30 June, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, at least seven people have died, 56 are missing and 19 others have been rescued. Search and rescue operations are ongoing. In addition, following the monsoon season, 625 people have died across several States of India, particularly in Himachal Pradesh (168 fatalities) and Assam (151), and more than 670,000 people have been displaced. (ECHO, 1 Jul 2022)

Media reports indicate that, as of 5 July, 47 fatalities, 20 people still missing and 18 rescued people due to the landslide that impacted mainly the Tupul Railway Station construction site. In addition, the debris obstructed the Ijei River (which flows through the Noney District), creating a reservoir that threatens to flood the low-lying areas. Combined search operations by Indian Army, Territorial Army, and National and State Disaster Response Forces continued at the incident site at Tupul village. (ECHO, 5 Jul 2022)

On 6 July, flash floods in Chojh and Bhunter Towns (central Himachal Pradesh State, northern India) resulted in three fatalities, while four persons are missing. As of 6 July, the monsoon season in India has caused 767 fatalities (of which 184 in Assam, 179 in Himachal Pradesh, 65 in Maharashtra, and 55 in Madhya Pradesh), as reported by the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI). At least 75 people are currently missing, and about 1,220 individuals sustained injuries. About 751,200 people have been evacuated to 4,200 relief camps mostly located in Assam, which is one of the worst affected States. (ECHO, 7 Jul 2022)

As of 3 August, the death toll reached 1,354 across India, as reported by the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI). The worst affected States are: Himachal Pradesh (with 232 fatalities), Assam (199), Madhya Pradesh (162), Gujarat (119) and Maharashtra (112). NDMI also reports more than 980,000 evacuated people in over 5,800 relief centres, and more than 361,000 damaged houses across affected States. (ECHO, 4 Aug 2022)