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Afghanistan: Flash Floods - May 2022

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Heavy and unseasonal rainfall across large parts of Afghanistan on the 3 May caused flash flooding events directly affecting an estimated 3,400 people. Local reports indicate that at least 13 people died including in Badghis (five), Baghlan (four), Hirat (one), Kunduz (one) and Parwan (two) provinces. Some 1,270 houses were either destroyed (437) or damaged (833). The number of affected people is expected to increase as assessments are completed. Inter-agency assessment and response teams have been mobilized to assist affected families with nearly 3,400 people assessed and over 1,000 supported with temporary shelter and food assistance so far. Other immediate relief items to be provided include: multipurpose cash, tents, emergency latrines and shelter kits as well as water, sanitation, hygiene, and health services. (OCHA, 10 May 2022)

On 22 June 2022, flash flooding occurred across the eastern region. Based on assessment findings, 1,288 individuals (728 in Kunar, 175 in Laghman and 385 in Nangarhar province) were affected and 356 houses were damaged or destroyed (188 in Kunar, 52 in Laghman and 116 in Nangarhar). Assessments are ongoing in Nangarhar province [...] Nineteen people were killed across Kunar (15) and Nangarhar (4) provinces. A further 131 were injured across Kunar (90), Laghman (40) and Nangarhar (1). in addition, 325 people who had been cut off in Kund and Dehgal areas of Chapadara district in Kunar province were rescued with the help of local volunteers. (OCHA, 29 Jun 2022)

Heavy and unseasonal rainfall across the central and eastern regions of Afghanistan on 5 and 6 July has resulted in the deaths of at least 10 people, injured a further 11, and caused severe damage to over 280 homes, as well as other critical infrastructure across nine provinces, including four bridges and 8 km of a road. Reportedly, two children were among those who lost their lives. The provinces where most casualties and damage were reported are Nangarhar and Nuristan provinces in the eastern region and Ghazni and Parwan in the central region. As of 7 July, there have been no reports of displacement across the region due to the flash floods. (OCHA, 7 Jul 2022)

Heavy and unseasonal rainfall across the central and eastern regions of Afghanistan since 5 July have caused flash floods that have damaged or destroyed about 2,900 houses and have reportedly killed 39 people. There have been no reports of people displaced by the floods. Households assessed to date report needing emergency shelter, non-food items, food and water, sanitation, and hygiene support. Multiple localized assessments and relief operations are ongoing. (OCHA, 11 Jul 2022)

As of 12 July 2022, nine of the 12 Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) branches (Kandahar, Kunar, Laghman, Logar, Nooristan, Paktia, Urozgan, Wardak, and Zabul) have reported a total of 42 people lost their lives, 5 injuries, 1,720 houses destroyed, 3,073 houses damaged, 790 acres of agricultural land destroyed, 444 tube wells inundated, 12 wheat mills destroyed, 28 bridges collapsed, at least 5km road damaged, 49 livestock killed and 3 electrical system damaged. Currently, this report is being verified. (IFRC, 18 Jul 2022)

According to Ministry for Disaster Management, on 24 July flash floods killed at least 13 people and injured 20, in ten provinces in eastern Afghanistan. Most of the damages occurred in the provinces of Wardak, Paktia, Paktika, Nangarhar, Nuristan, Parwan and Panjshir. Parts of the Kabul-Jalalabad highway have been washed away, some bridges are damaged. The main highway to Panjshir province has been blocked. The National Meteorological Department has issued a warning that heavy rainfall in the eastern and southern provinces may continue. (ECHO, 25 Jul 2022)

Throughout July, heavy rainfall caused floods and flash floods across several provinces in the eastern, southern, south-western, western, and central regions of Afghanistan. According to the latest report from UN-OCHA, 39 people have died (10 in Ghazni Province, and nine in Kandahar Province). More than 1,200 houses have been damaged or destroyed, affecting at least 3,000 families, while thousands of hectares of crops have been destroyed by floodwaters, causing livelihood disruption. A number of international humanitarian organisations are assisting the affected population with food, emergency shelter, WASH and non-food items, and conducting inter-agency needs assessments. On 12-14 August, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over eastern areas of Afghanistan. (ECHO, 12 Aug 2022)