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Afghanistan: Flash Floods - May 2022

Disaster types
Flash Flood

Heavy and unseasonal rainfall across large parts of Afghanistan on the 3 May caused flash flooding events directly affecting an estimated 3,400 people. Local reports indicate that at least 13 people died including in Badghis (five), Baghlan (four), Hirat (one), Kunduz (one) and Parwan (two) provinces. Some 1,270 houses were either destroyed (437) or damaged (833). The number of affected people is expected to increase as assessments are completed. Inter-agency assessment and response teams have been mobilized to assist affected families with nearly 3,400 people assessed and over 1,000 supported with temporary shelter and food assistance so far. Other immediate relief items to be provided include: multipurpose cash, tents, emergency latrines and shelter kits as well as water, sanitation, hygiene, and health services. (OCHA, 10 May 2022)

On 22 June 2022, flash flooding occurred across the eastern region. Based on assessment findings, 1,288 individuals (728 in Kunar, 175 in Laghman and 385 in Nangarhar province) were affected and 356 houses were damaged or destroyed (188 in Kunar, 52 in Laghman and 116 in Nangarhar). Assessments are ongoing in Nangarhar province [...] Nineteen people were killed across Kunar (15) and Nangarhar (4) provinces. A further 131 were injured across Kunar (90), Laghman (40) and Nangarhar (1). in addition, 325 people who had been cut off in Kund and Dehgal areas of Chapadara district in Kunar province were rescued with the help of local volunteers. (OCHA, 29 Jun 2022)

Heavy and unseasonal rainfall across the central and eastern regions of Afghanistan on 5 and 6 July has resulted in the deaths of at least 10 people, injured a further 11, and caused severe damage to over 280 homes, as well as other critical infrastructure across nine provinces, including four bridges and 8 km of a road. Reportedly, two children were among those who lost their lives. The provinces where most casualties and damage were reported are Nangarhar and Nuristan provinces in the eastern region and Ghazni and Parwan in the central region. As of 7 July, there have been no reports of displacement across the region due to the flash floods. (OCHA, 7 Jul 2022)

Heavy and unseasonal rainfall across the central and eastern regions of Afghanistan since 5 July have caused flash floods that have damaged or destroyed about 2,900 houses and have reportedly killed 39 people. There have been no reports of people displaced by the floods. Households assessed to date report needing emergency shelter, non-food items, food and water, sanitation, and hygiene support. Multiple localized assessments and relief operations are ongoing. (OCHA, 11 Jul 2022)

As of 12 July 2022, nine of the 12 Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) branches (Kandahar, Kunar, Laghman, Logar, Nooristan, Paktia, Urozgan, Wardak, and Zabul) have reported a total of 42 people lost their lives, 5 injuries, 1,720 houses destroyed, 3,073 houses damaged, 790 acres of agricultural land destroyed, 444 tube wells inundated, 12 wheat mills destroyed, 28 bridges collapsed, at least 5km road damaged, 49 livestock killed and 3 electrical system damaged. Currently, this report is being verified. (IFRC, 18 Jul 2022)

According to Ministry for Disaster Management, on 24 July flash floods killed at least 13 people and injured 20, in ten provinces in eastern Afghanistan. Most of the damages occurred in the provinces of Wardak, Paktia, Paktika, Nangarhar, Nuristan, Parwan and Panjshir. Parts of the Kabul-Jalalabad highway have been washed away, some bridges are damaged. The main highway to Panjshir province has been blocked. The National Meteorological Department has issued a warning that heavy rainfall in the eastern and southern provinces may continue. (ECHO, 25 Jul 2022)

Throughout July, heavy rainfall caused floods and flash floods across several provinces in the eastern, southern, south-western, western, and central regions of Afghanistan. According to the latest report from UN-OCHA, 39 people have died (10 in Ghazni Province, and nine in Kandahar Province). More than 1,200 houses have been damaged or destroyed, affecting at least 3,000 families, while thousands of hectares of crops have been destroyed by floodwaters, causing livelihood disruption. A number of international humanitarian organisations are assisting the affected population with food, emergency shelter, WASH and non-food items, and conducting inter-agency needs assessments. On 12-14 August, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over eastern areas of Afghanistan. (ECHO, 12 Aug 2022)

Severe flooding caused by heavy rainfall was reported on 13-14 August particularly affecting the central, eastern and south-eastern regions. The Afghan State news agency (Bakhtar News) reported that in Siagard and Shenwari districts (Parwan province), at least 31 people have died and 17 others sustained injuries. About 100 individuals are missing. Floods have destroyed more than 700 shelters and buildings, while damaging hundreds of hectares of farmland, livestock, transportation infrastructure, and dams, as reported by the Afghan Red Crescent. (ECHO, 16 Aug 2022)

Over the past few days, heavy rains and flash flooding have been reported in several provinces across the eastern, southern, south-eastern and central regions. Between 11 and 15 August, flash floods reportedly killed 41 people. Almost 790 homes are estimated to have been damaged or destroyed, affecting more than 3,720 families in total. Nangarhar is the most affected province accounting for almost two-thirds (2,400) of all families impacted. The floods have destroyed crops, agricultural land and local infrastructure, with floods reportedly cutting off access along several roads, including the Charikar – Bamyan and Terapass – Gardez highways in the central region. (OCHA, 17 Aug 2022)

According to media reports, as of 21 August, at least 20 people have died, and 30 others have been injured across Logar province. In addition, 3,000 houses have been destroyed as well as several hectares of crops. National authorities are providing help to those affected and are evacuating the displaced people after their houses were destroyed. (ECHO, 22 Aug 2022)

Between 16 and 21 August, flash floods reportedly killed 63 people in Kunar (4), Laghman (3), Logar (20), Maidan Wardak (3), Nangarhar (2), Nuristan (14), Paktya (6) and Parwan (11) provinces, and injured a further 115, including women and children. Additionally, 30 people are reported missing across Logar (4), Maidan Wardak (15), and Parwan (11) provinces. (OCHA, 24 Aug 2022)

In August 2022, Afghanistan was severely affected by flash flooding in central, eastern, and southern regions. Floods affected an estimated 15,875 people with over 5,600 houses either destroyed or damaged across Kunar, Laghman, Logar, Maidan Wardak, Nangarhar, Nuristan, Paktya, Kandahar, Zabul, Uruzgan, and Parwan provinces. (UNICEF, 17 Sep 2022)