Since 2017, the country has been facing one of the worst drought crises since the 1990s. Rains continue to be rare, and production does not even cover 1% of the country's food needs. The 2021-2022 agro-pastoral campaign was characterized by a late start and an early end to the rains throughout the national territory. Overall agricultural production varies from low to nil. As a result, the Government of Cape Verde has declared, on 16 February 2022, the situation of national drought emergency disaster.
Given the adverse conditions linked to the agro-pastoral agricultural campaign, some municipalities in the country are in a situation of acute food insecurity. The results of the Harmonized Framework (March 2022) show a current situation of food insecurity affecting 29,421 people in the phase of crisis (Ph 3), and 1,076 people in the emergency phase (Ph 4), mainly on the island of Santiago (in the municipality of Ribera Grande, which was the only one recorded in phase 3), and a projected situation for this year's lean period (June to August 2022) of 46,093 people in food insecurity (10% of the population) including 43,003 in crisis (Ph 3) and 3,090 in the emergency phase (Ph 4). (IFRC, 26 Apr 2022)
Already severely affected by Covid-19 and drought, compounded with the effects of the war in Ukraine, Cabo Verde is struggling with a deteriorating socio-economic crisis. On 20 June, the government declared a social and economic emergency. Inflation reached 8 per cent, according to data from May, while in 2021 it was at 1.9 per cent around the same period of the year. With the loss of purchasing power, nine out of 100 Cabo Verdeans are at risk of food insecurity while in 2020, during the pandemic, they were only 2 per cent said the Prime Minister, Ulisses Correia e Silva, during a press conference in the capital Praia. By declaring a social and economic emergency, the government intends to obtain more support from the international community to continue financing the measures to protect families and businesses, he explained.. (OCHA, 23 Jun 2022)
The number of people affected by food insecurity in Cabo Verde is set to spike with more than 46,000 women, men and children – almost 10 percent of the population - facing an acute deterioration in food security between June and August this year. This represents a threat to the country’s hard-won gains in food security over recent years forcing the Government to declare a social and economic national emergency on 20 June. If not urgently addressed, this will severely disrupt food access and agricultural production, putting more lives at risk as the country depends largely on imports to meet its food needs. (FAO/WFP, 23 Jun 2022)