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Typhoon Rai - Dec 2021

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Disaster types
Tropical Cyclone
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The newly formed tropical depression TWENTYEIGHT is moving westwards over the western Pacific. On 13 December, at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located about 350 km south-east of Sorol Island (Caroline Islands, Federated States of Micronesia), and 810 km south-east of Palau, with maximum sustained winds of 45 km/h. In the morning of 13 December, TWENTYEIGHT is forecast to strengthen to a tropical storm, as it continues westwards over the Pacific Ocean, passing south of Sorol. (ECHO, 13 Dec 2021)

On 15 December, Typhoon Rai (locally named Odette) further intensified and became of typhoon strength while it continued to move west northwestward. According to the Philippines weather bureau, PAGASA, Typhoon Rai continues to gain strength, currently packing maximum winds of 130 km/h and gustiness of up to 160 km/h and is expected to make landfall in the vicinity of Surigao Provinces or southern portion of Eastern Visayas late on Thursday,16 December with high winds up to 155 km/h. The typhoon is forecasted to make landfall in vicinity of CARAGA or Eastern Visayas, then move slightly north westward and cross several provinces in Central and Western Visayas regions before emerging over the Sulu Sea on Friday. Typhoon Rai’s sustained winds may reach its peak intensity of 155 km/h before landfall [...] Areas along the typhoon’s track will experience torrential to intense rains and strong gale winds with is a high risk of wind damage, rain-induced landslides, flash floods and flooding, particularly in areas that experienced significant antecedent rainfall earlier in December. (OCHA, 15 Dec 2021)

The government pre-emptively evacuated over 330,000 people in Northeastern Mindanao and Visayas ahead of a potentially devasting impact of the Super Typhoon Rai/Odette. Needs assessments ongoing but hampered by flooded and blocked roads and interruption of other lifelines [...] According to the initial reports of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), over 330,000 people have been pre-emptively evacuated, 674 evacuation centers are open and as of now one 1 death and 2 injured are reported. The onslaught of a typhoon cut essential lifelines, leaving 63 cities and municipalities without electricity, affecting 73 seaports and cancelling over 160 domestic and international flights. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2021)

Typhoon Rai made initial landfall in Siargao Island, province of Surigao del Norte in Caraga region, northern Mindanao on 16 December 2021. It carried gusts up to 270 km/h with maximum sustained winds of 195 km/h near the centre making it the strongest storm to make landfall in the Philippines this year. The trail of the Typhoon Rai crossed the Philippine archipelago from Caraga to Eastern and Central Visayas and Palawan. [...] The latest government figures indicate 130,128 families or 477,614 people affected in 1,417 barangays in Regions V, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI, Caraga and MIMAROPA [...]. Due to power disruptions and intermittent signals, it has been challenging to obtain further details from the ground. Hence, these reported numbers are expected to increase significantly. Pre-emptively 332,855 people were evacuated, and 1,603 evacuation centres hosted 77,494 families (289,049 individuals). Initial estimated number of people living in the affected areas is 15.9 million, of which 9.1 million people are live in the worst affected areas (AHA Center). (IFRC, 18 Dec 2021)

As of 21 December, a total of 2.4 million people are affected across 10 regions in 4,293 barangays or villages. Around 684,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 440,000 people in evacuation centers. A total of 139,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 53,800 are totally damaged. (OCHA, 21 Dec 2021)

As of 27 December, a total of 4.6 million people are affected across 10 regions in 6,057 barangays or villages. Around 571,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 315,000 people in evacuation centers. A total of 405,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 127,800 are totally damaged. (OCHA, 27 Dec 2021)

To date, over 6.2 million people were affected across 10 regions. About 580,000 of them remain displaced with 356,000 people staying in evacuation centres and 227,000 people staying with host families or friends. Latest death count has totalled to 397. Urgent needs are food and non-food items (NFIs), clean water and sanitation facilities, shelter, hygiene kits, medical supplies and restoration of livelihoods. As per NDRRMC report on 30 December, 161 cities/municipalities have restored power out of 284 that experienced power outage or interruptions. While 79 cities/municipalities have restored communication lines out of 189 that experienced interrupted services. Estimated agricultural damages include 80,000 hectares of crops, 1.2 million livestock and poultry and 5,024 agricultural infrastructure and equipment costing about Php 5.5 billion (or $108 million). (OCHA, 30 Dec 2021)

As of 3 January 2022, a total of 6.8 million people are affected across 11 regions in 6,794 barangays or villages. Around 539,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 349,000 people still in evacuation centers. A total of 830,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 240,000 are totally damaged. Response clusters have been activated and are being convened under the leadership of the relevant government line agencies. OCHA is supporting overall coordination of the Humanitarian Country Team in responding to most urgent needs in Caraga and Region VIII and has released a Humanitarian Needs and Priorities document requesting $107.2 million for the next 6 months. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2022)

The humanitarian response continues three weeks since the landfall of super typhoon Rai, which is estimated to have damaged 1,234,079 houses (339,303 totally damaged; 894,776 partially damaged). According to Government report, 170,589 displaced people remain in 1,025 evacuation centers (ECs) in six regions. Priority concerns are access to electricity, potable water, and WASH facilities. The displaced people are also at higher risk of COVID-19 infection because of overcrowding in evacuation centers. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has distributed US$10 million worth of assistance – including food, water and non-food items, with additional reserves of $17 million in funding and in-kind assistance available in warehouses. Since the launch of the Humanitarian Needs and Priorities (HNP), funding received is at $20.6 million (or 19.2 per cent) within the HNP and another $28.6 million outside the HNP. Funding received for HNP includes a $12 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) which has been allocated to IOM, UNICEF, WFP and UNFPA. (OCHA, 10 Jan 2022)

As of 13 January 2022, a total of 8 million people are affected across 11 regions in 8,779 barangays or villages. Around 200,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 160,000 people still in evacuation centers. A total of 1,400,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 400,000 are destroyed. Due to a surge in COVID-19 cases, the pandemic continues to threaten public health and safety and is also creating multiple operational challenges for the humanitarian response. Women and girls continue to face disproportional impacts due to limited access to sexual and reproductive health services, increased risk to gender-based violence, and disruptions in protection services. Children are at risk of falling behind due to school closures (6,200 classrooms are damaged nationwide) and increasing food insecurity resulting in malnutrition. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2022)