Saltar al contenido principal

Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2021

Tipos de desastres
+ 1

On 27 July, heavy monsoon rains in Cox’s Bazar led to slope failures and severe flooding in the Rohingya refugee camps. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department forecast approx. 570mm of accumulated rainfall between 27 – 30 July and issued warnings of heavy rain and risk of landslides. High sea tides continue to hamper rain water discharge through rivers. Volunteers are supporting the evacuation of those affected to safer shelters. Initial reports of thousands affected and 6 casualties have yet to be confirmed. Local authorities and the humanitarian community are preparing to respond. DG ECHO partners have deployed teams to conduct assessments. The floods coincide with a strict lockdown aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19, which has risen to alarming levels in the country. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2021)

Incessant rains since 27 July have resulted in continued flooding across the Rohingya refugee camps and host communities in Cox's Bazar, claiming 18 lives. According to ISCG, 12,994 refugees in 27 camps have been affected with 5,593 individuals temporarily displaced so far. Local media reported 51,150 affected host community families in 413 flooded villages. At least 480 displaced host community families have been evacuated to cyclone shelters.(ECHO, 29 Jul 2021)

Heavy rainfall and strong winds continue to affect Cox’s Bazar District including the Rohingya refugee camps. According to latest reports, 21 people have died, over 6,100 refugee shelters have been destroyed or damaged, and more than 13,000 refugees have been forced to relocate and are seeking shelter with families or in community facilities.

Hundreds of facilities, including primary health clinics, distribution points, and latrines have been damaged. Humanitarian partners are providing food assistance, non-food items, shelter materials, drinking water, mobile health services, and protection services. UN agencies and humanitarian partners together with community health workers are conducting disease surveillance and are identifying and referring refugees who require medical support. Damaged roads, flooding, and risks of landslides are hindering assessments and response efforts in some of the affected areas. There are concerns that the floods have heightened the risk of water-borne diseases and COVID-19. (OCHA, 03 Aug 2021)

During 2 and 3 August alone, 39 incidents such as flooding, slope failure and windstorms impacted 901 households (3,894 individuals). Drains continued to be cleared and desilting and damage assessment and repairs of camp facilities are an ongoing process. Of the 6,334 damaged shelters, 4,941 were assisted with emergency shelter kits while 1,393 were not eligible for the assistance. Currently five health service points across the affected camps are closed due to flooding while others remain operational. Mobile medical teams are covering these gaps and additional needs. (ISCG, 05 Aug 2021)

Since 27 July, heavy monsoon rains have been lashing Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh leading to flash floods, waterlogging and landslides across the Rohingya refugee camp and surrounding Bangladeshi communities. Rains have also impacted segments of the highway leading to the camps. Between the period 27 July-10 August 2021, the total rainfall has been approximately 957mm in Cox’s Bazar. 80,912 refugees were affected, 25,281 refugees were displaced and there were 8 refugee fatalities (5 due to landslides, 2 due to drowning, 1 due to an accident in a well).400 monsoon-related incidents have been recorded in the camps during 26 July-8 August. More than half were related to windstorm, while others largely consisted of flooding and slope failures. (ISCG, 12 Aug 2021)

Between 27 July and 18 August 2021, Cox’s Bazar experienced around 1,048 mm of rainfall. 463 monsoon-related incidents – largely windstorms, slope failures and flooding – have been recorded in the camps. Of the 10,274 damaged shelters, 8,077 were assisted with emergency shelter kits. 75% of the shelters were damaged due to windstorm and the rest were impacted by landslides and flooding. Despite the heavy rains, the COVID-19 vaccination campaign for Rohingya refugees continues unabated with more than 30,000 refugees 55 years and over, vaccinated. (ISCG, 18 Aug 2021)

Between 27 July and 1 September 2021, Cox’s Bazar has experienced over 1,300 mm of rainfall - over 200 mm just between 27-28 August. 542 monsoon-related incidents – largely windstorms, slope failures and flooding -- have been recorded in the camps. Monsoon related incidents have dropped by 83% in the last two weeks when compared with previous weeks. Of the 11,675 damaged shelters verified by partners, 9,133 were assisted with emergency shelter kits while 2,542 households were not eligible for the assistance. 75% of the shelters were damaged due to windstorm and the rest were impacted by landslides and flooding. Refugees are provided with bamboo, tarpaulins, rope, jute bags to help with repairs. (ISCG, 2 Sep 2021)

Heavy rainfall has caused flooding in northern Bangladesh since the last week of August. According to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre, the most affected districts include Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Tangail, Rajbari, Sartiatpur and Bogura. More than 40,000 households were affected, 7759 hectares of agricultural land have been damaged, and more than 200 houses have been destroyed, according to Government reports. The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief has allocated rice and cash support to affected districts, while local and national organizations have provided food relief items to affected families. People have moved to higher ground and temporary shelter remains an urgent need. Rural roads have been inundated, communication has been disrupted, and livelihoods have been affected. As a result of flooding, there are increased concerns of negative coping mechanisms, malnutrition of girls and women, forced labour and child marriage, and issues related to protection and reproductive health. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2021)