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India: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2021

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Widespread floods triggered by heavy rain have been affecting most parts of Assam State (northeastern India) over the past few days, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority, 7,587 people have been affected in 96 villages across the Districts of Bongaigaon, Dhemaji and Dibrugarh. At least bridges 13 roads and five bridges have been damaged. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is forecast across the affected State where red warnings for heavy rain are in effect on 1 July. (ECHO, 1 Jul 2021)

On 12-13 July, heavy rain caused floods, mudslides and landslides in Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand (northern India), resulting in casualties. In Himachal Pradesh, the Indian Disaster Management Division (NDMIndia) reports three fatalities, and up to eight people missing after a number of landslides occurred in Boh Valley and Kangra District. Search and rescue operations are still ongoing as national disaster response teams have been mobilized to the area. In addition, several houses have been damaged by floodwaters of the Manjhi River in Dharamshala City. According to the media, three fatalities occurred after a landslide event in Uttarakhand. (ECHO, 14 Jul 2021)

As many as 25 people have been reported dead and several others injured in three separate incidents of landslides and a wall collapse as several areas of Mumbai flooded after heavy overnight rains. All three incidents occurred in the eastern and central suburbs. So far 17 people have been reported dead in a wall collapse incident in Chembur area. At Vikhroli, seven hutment dwellers were killed as five shanties collapsed after a landslide following incessant overnight rains. One person was also reported dead at a wall collapse incident in Bhandup. AIR spoke to Anupam Srivatsav, Commandant of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Maharashtra, who reported that 16 persons have been rescued and a few were hospitalised. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued a red alert for Mumbai in the backdrop of heavy rains. (Gov. of India, 18 Jul 2021)

Landslides and floods caused by heavy monsoon rains affected Mumbai City (Maharashtra State, western coast of India) on 17-18 July, resulting in casualties. According to media reports, up to 33 people have died, with others injured. Search and rescue operations are ongoing. Several parts of the city have been damaged or destroyed and there are extensive water and power shortages. (ECHO, 19 Jul 2021)

Heavy rains since 23 July have triggered landslides and floods in 9 districts of the Pune and Konkan divisions in Maharashtra. Raigada, Satara and Ratnagiri are the most affected districts. According to India’s Ministry of Home Affairs, 112 deaths have been reported and 99 people are missing following landslides. Over 135,000 people have been evacuated. Figures are likely to increase as search and rescue operations continue. 46 teams of the national and state disaster response force are carrying out search and rescue operations. An Interagency Joint Rapid Needs Assessment is underway to assess the flood and landslide needs in the state, the initial report is expected by 31 July. Over the next 24 hours, locally heavy rainfall is forecast over parts of central, western and northern India. (ECHO, 26 Jul 2021)

On 22 July, record rainfall caused landslides and floods in Mumbai and parts of Maharashtra state with the districts of Raigad, Ratnagiri, Sangli and Kolhapur among the worst affected. Heavy rainfall has also caused floods in parts of the neighbouring states of Karnataka, Telangana and Goa. At least 115 people have died, over 135,000 people have been evacuated and more than 1,800 people have been rescued according to authorities. Nearly 6,000 train passengers were stranded when train services were suspended on 22 July. In Goa, floods damaged roads and homes and prompted the evacuation of over 400 people. India’s National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), the Coast Guard, Indian Navy and the Indian Army are carrying out rescue and relief operations in the affected areas. India’s weather bureau has issued red alerts for several regions in Maharashtra as heavy rainfall is expected to continue in the next few days. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2021)

After severe flooding and landslides in Maharashtra State (western India) last week, the death toll has increased to 209, according to the National Emergency Response Centre. 8 people are still missing, 52 injured, 434,150 displaced (over 251,300 to 308 temporary relief centres) and more than 382,650 people affected across ten districts. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2021)

Flash floods in the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and cloud bursts in the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh have killed at least 16 people, with 21 missing and 17 injured. On 28 July, a cloudburst hit a remote village in Jammu's Kishtwar district, leaving 7 people dead and 17 others injured. In Ladakh two cloudbursts hit different areas of Kargil, causing damage to a mini power project, residential houses and standing crops. In Himachal Pradesh at least 9 people are dead, 2 injured and 7 missing following flash floods. (ECHO, 29 Jul 2021)

Torrential rainfall in Kishtwar District (Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory, northern India) on 28 July caused flooding. According to the Disaster Management Division Ministry of Home Affairs (NDMI), 8 people have died, 19 are still missing, 17 have been injured and 19 houses damaged or destroyed.Rescue and emergency operations are ongoing, amid forecasts of further rain over the affected area. (ECHO, 02 Aug 2021)

Flooding is affecting several districts of West Bengal State (north-eastern India) following heavy rainfall and water discharge from several dams. The most affected areas include Purba Bardhaman, Paschim Medinipur, Hooghly, Howrah and South 24 Parganas Districts. According to media reports, at least 15 people have died and nearly 250,000 are displaced. A number of people have been rescued, with relief and rescue operations ongoing. (ECHO, 05 Aug 2021)

Heavy rain continues to affect several states, causing floods. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs Disaster Management Division (NDMIndia), over the past 24 hours, 17 people have died (eight in Uttar Pradesh, five in Rajasthan, two in Madhya Pradesh, one in Bihar and another in Kerala) as a result of weather-related incidents. Over 134,000 people have been affected and 568 houses damaged. (ECHO, 10 Aug 2021)

The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMI) reports 10 fatalities, 25 people missing, 13 injured and 13 rescued after a massive landslide in Nigul Sari Village (Kinnaur District) on 11 August. The landslide hit the Reckong Peo-Shimla highway burying a bus under the debris. (ECHO, 12 Aug 2021)

Following incessant rains, 21 districts of Assam State are affected by floods. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), as of 30 August, 363,135 people have been affected. The Districts of Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Darrang and Majuli are the worst affected. 1,619 people have taken shelter in 16 relief camps and 28 relief distribution centers have also been opened up. Damages to houses and loss of livestock and infrastructure have also been reported. (ECHO, 31 Aug 2021)

Following incessant rains, 1,287 villages in 22 districts of Assam are affected by floods. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), as of 31 August, 573,938 people have been affected. Districts of Lakhimpur, Darrang and Nalbari are the worst affected. One death has been reported so far. 4,009 people have taken shelter in 26 relief camps. 79 relief distribution centres have also been opened up. Rescue operations are being undertaken by agencies. Damages to houses and loss of livestock and infrastructure have also been reported. (ECHO, 1 Sep 2021)

Heavy rain and widespread floods have been affecting six Districts of Gujarat State (western India) over the past few days, resulting in casualties and damage. Most of the flood events have been caused by the overflow of the Lodhika Dam across the Districts of Rajkot, Jamnagar, Porbandar Valsad, and Junagadh. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs Disaster Management Division, as of 14 September, seven people died, almost 4,900 people have been evacuated and at least 850,000 people affected. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is forecast over the affected State where an orange alert for heavy rain has been issued. (ECHO, 15 Sep 2021)