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Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2021

Tipos de desastres
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Heavy rain with thunderstorms continues to cause floods and landslides across several areas of Nepal, leading to casualties and damage. The Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal (NDRR), reports at least 15 fatalities and five missing people, during the period from 18 June to 2 July. At least 25 people have been injured and 81 families affected. Damage has been reported to 19 houses. On 2-3 June, heavy to very heavy rain with thunderstorms is forecast over central and eastern Nepal, particularly over Province 1, Province 2, Bagmati Province and Gandaki Province. (ECHO, 2 Jul 2021)

Monsoon rainfall continues to have a localized impact. Search and rescue works are predominantly being carried out by federal government agencies. Total monsoon impacts across the country include: 783 displaced families sheltering in various public buildings, significantly increasing COVID-19 transmission risks, 25 deaths, 22 people missing and 1,153 affected families according to Ministry of Home Affairs and Initial Rapid Assessments. (UN RC/HC Nepal, 5 Jul 2021)

Heavy rain continues to affect most Districts of Nepal, causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to an increasing number of deaths and damage. The Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal reports 39 landslides and 16 flood events in the country over the past week. According to media reports, a total of 38 people have died, 24 are still missing and 51 have been injured. At least 1,250 people have been evacuated, 5,100 displaced and a total of 790 houses have been flooded. Light to moderate rain is forecast over most parts of the country on 7-8 July. (ECHO, 7 Jul 2021)

The monsoon rain continues to affect most parts of Nepal, causing floods, triggering landslides, and resulting in an increasing number of casualties and damage. Over the last 7 days, 26 landslides and nine flood events have occurred in the country. According to national authorities and media reports, more than 50 people have died and almost 410 families have been affected. (ECHO, 12 Jul 2021)

Monsoon rainfall continues to have a localized impact. Total monsoon impacts across the country include: 783 displaced families sheltering in various public buildings, significantly increasing COVID-19 transmission risks, 58 deaths, 34 people missing and 3,150 affected families according to Ministry of Home Affairs and Initial Rapid Assessments. Damages to the roads and trails particularly in the remote location of Darchula, Manang and northern Gorkha has posed challenges in transportation of relief materials. (UN RC/HC Nepal, 16 Jul 2021)

Monsoon rains have been light over 17-30 July, but to date monsoon related incidence have impacted 47 districts across the country. Displaced families are sheltering in various public buildings, increasing COVID-19 transmission risks and also posing challenges to meeting their basic needs. Flooding and landslide have caused damage to public and private infrastructures, including private houses. Road blockage, damages to the bridges along the road due to the flooding and landslide has posed logistics challenges in reaching out to the affected population. (UN RC/HC Nepal, 30 Jul 2021)

Since 20 August, heavy rain has been affecting various parts of Nepal, causing floods and landslides and resulting in casualties. According to the Nepal National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (DRR), at least 11 people have died, one is missing and up to 27 individuals have been injured. Damage has been reported to 89 houses and 177 families have been affected by floods or landslides. On 30-31 August, light to moderate rain is forecast over most of Nepal and locally heavy rain is expected over western and central Provinces, particularly in Bagmati Province, Gandaki, Lumbini and Sudur Pashchim Provinces. (ECHO, 30 Aug 2021)

Floods and a landslide event occurred on 30 August in Darchula District (Sudurpashchim Province, far western Nepal), leading to fatalities. According to the Nepal National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (DRR) and media reports, three people died and two are missing. Several houses, buildings, two hydropower plants and five bridges have been damaged or destroyed. (ECHO, 31 Aug 2021)

The monsoon rains that began in the last week of June have triggered flooding and landslides in many parts of the country, affecting around 10,000 families in 56 out of the country’s 77 districts. [...] On 26 August, rainfall intensified for at least four consecutive days, with many rivers crossing warning levels, causing widespread inundation in many parts of the southern plains and reported incidents of landslides in the hilly region. As a result of this incessant rainfall, 11 districts (Myagdi, Rupandehi, Dang, Darchula, Sindhuli, Nawalparasi East, Nawalparasi West, Kanchanpur, Kailali, Udayapur and Mahottari) and 4,899 families were affected, including 2,129 who were temporarily displaced. In addition, government authorities have reported seven deaths and one missing person in recent days (as of 31 August 2021), while further assessment processes are underway. [...] Many houses have been destroyed by the landslides and floods in specific pocket areas of several districts, and many displaced families are staying with relatives, while others have sought refuge in nearby schools and other temporary shelters. Similarly, displaced families have lost access to water points and sanitation facilities, increasing the risk of health problems, water-borne diseases, and the spread of COVID-19 infection in the community. [...] With 35,591 active cases in the country, there is a high chance of COVID-19 transmission among people affected by the flood and landslide (daily infection rate is still around 20 per cent) either among those staying in home isolation or – most importantly – among those staying in evacuation centres. (IFRC, 4 Sep 2021)

Severe weather including heavy rain and thunderstorms continues to affect parts of Nepal, causing floods and landslides and leading to casualties. The Nepal National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (DRR) reports that between 2-6 September, 13 people have died in Bagmati, Lumbini and Gandaki Provinces in central Nepal. More than ten individuals have been injured and one person is missing in Lumbini Province. (ECHO, 6 Sep 2021)

Unusually heavy rainfall in a short period of time on September 6 has led to flooding in the city of Kathmandu, inundating more than 382 houses and several roads, local marketplaces, and parks. About 105 mm of rainfall was recorded in just three hours in Kathmandu. At least 138 people have been rescued by security forces. The most affected households are those living in informal settlements in low-lying areas of the city. The Bagmati River that flows through the city was at danger level, but the water level has receded. [...] This follows heavy rainfall and floods in several areas across the Tarai Valley the previous week, which resulted in nine deaths, four missing people, five injured, and 756 people evacuated, with at least 42 houses completely damaged. (OCHA, 6 Sep 2021)

Flash floods, floods and landslides caused by heavy rain have been affecting different parts of Nepal, leading to casualties. According to the latest report by NDRRMA, there are 32 dead and 43 missing people. Several Districts in Sudurpaschim Province (western Nepal) have been heavily affected, including Kanchanpur District, where the overflow of Mahakali River flooded several settlements, displacing more than 2,600 people. There has been extensive damage of the paddy crops which were ready to be harvested. Highways have been blocked by landslides in many places of the country. In the eastern parts of the country, two airports operations have been disrupted. Search and rescue operations are ongoing, however rescue efforts are hindered by severe weather conditions and the remoteness of the affected areas. (ECHO, 20 Oct 2021)

In Nepal, based on the last Disaster Risk Reduction Portal (DRRP), there are 88 fatalities, 30 people still missing and 10 injured people across several Districts. On 21 October, the Prime Minister along with other ministers visited to the affected districts in the western region of the country. The local authorities provide the government relief assistance, that was announced on 20 October, directly to the affected households. (ECHO, 21 Oct 2021)

Unseasonal heavy rains since 17 October brought floods and landslides across the country and have killed over 100 people. Heavy rains and floods have reportedly damaged rice paddy crops worth more than US$50 million. Roads, bridges, and other physical infrastructure were also damaged. The impact of the floods, combined with existing livelihood setbacks due to the COVID-19 pandemic, could have a devastating impact on many communities in Nepal in the coming months. The impact of evacuations, collective sheltering, and rescue operations on COVID-19 transmission rates will be monitored over the coming weeks. (OCHA, 26 Oct 2021)

According to the data of the Ministry of Home Affairs, between June to 27 October 2021, 673 people have lost their lives, 69 people are missing and 181 people are injured due to the water-induced disaster. [...] Beyond the shelter and displacement related needs, the main impact for affected householders is on their livelihoods since this unforeseen recent rainfall happened during the end of the festival time and as the harvesting of crops was about to start. In some areas, between 60 to 80 per cent of the harvest was lost as per government preliminary data. According to a WFP 72h assessment report released on 28 October, it is estimated that the food security status of 77,635 people is significantly affected as a result of the flooding, of which 63,897 people, or 11,716 households, need immediate assistance. (IFRC, 5 Nov 2021)