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Tropical Cyclone Gati - Nov 2020

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Tropical Cyclone Gati made landfall on 22 November at around 22:00 hours local time in Puntland’s Bari region. The heavy rains and strong winds triggered flash floods along coastal and inland areas. The hardest hit were 13 villages in Iskushuban district, including Xaafuun, Dul Xaafuun, Dardaare, Garan, Baarmadowe, Hurdiya, Foocaar, Afdhicin, Haluula, Kurduush, Gumbax, Taageer and Xandha. Local authorities report that eight people have been killed and an unknown number injured. In total, an estimated 70,000 people have been affected. In Xaafuun and Hurdiya villages, about 15,000 people have been displaced to higher ground within their neighbourhoods. Massive damage to property and roads is reported. Telecommunication services have also been affected, especially in Xaafuun, Hurdiya and Baarmadowe. In addition, shipping and fishing activities along the coastal areas of Bari and the Gulf of Aden have been disrupted. An estimated 30 fishermen who were at sea before the cyclone alert was issued are yet to be accounted for. (OCHA, 23 Nov 2020)

The tropical storm GATI has weakened further and is moving westwards with a speed of 7KPH. It is expected to dissipate in the next 12 hours. The storm left behind a significant physical and economic damage especially in Bari region. More than 700 houses were destroyed, several boats and fishing gears damaged and loss of a large number of livestock. This has led to loss of livelihood for most families and may take time and huge financial input to replace the loss. There was a reduction of rainfall amounts and wind speeds in the last 24 hours in many areas along the storm path. This trend is expected to continue as the storm gets weaker and the situation will stabilize thereafter. (FAO, 24 Nov 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Gati has dissipated with dry and hot conditions expected in the affected areas in the coming days. An estimated 180,000 people in Bari region have been affected; of whom 38,000 were affected by heavy rains in Bossaso. At least nine people were killed and almost 4,000 properties belonging to nomadic communities in the affected areas destroyed. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

On 22 November 2020, Tropical Cyclone (TC) GATI originating from the Bay of Bengal became the strongest ever storm to hit Somalia. GATI made landfall at Ras Hafun with maximum sustained winds of 170Km/hr; and classified as a Category 2 storm. The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) raised its impact score to “ORANGE” (1.5 out of 3) and forecast the expected level of humanitarian impact of the cyclone as “MEDIUM”: It brought more than a year’s worth of rain to the region in two days. By 25 November 2020, TC GATI had dissipated but it left trail of destruction across Bari and Sanaag regions of Somalia. Coastal communities have been disproportionately affected, with considerable damage reported to infrastructure, livelihoods, and social services (communication, electricity, roads, schools). Rainfall has also resulted in flooding which has caused sewerage to overflow; and increasing the risk of disease among the affected population. According to authorities, an estimated 180,000 people (30,000 households) have been affected, with 42,000 people (7,000 households) displaced across Puntland and Somaliland (UNOCHA). At least eight people have been killed. The worst hit areas are believed to include Baargaal, Foocaar, Garduush, Hurdiya, and Xafun in the Indian Ocean and Bosaso. (IFRC, 3 Dec 2020)

Humanitarian partners have scaled up the delivery of assistance to people who were recently affected by Cyclone Gati in Puntland. As of 8 December, over 78,000 out of 101,000 people affected by the cyclone have received targeted humanitarian assistance from authorities and partners. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)