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Typhoon Vamco - Nov 2020

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Disaster types
Tropical Cyclone
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Typhoon Vamco/Ulysses lashed the main island of Luzon in the Philippines on 11-12 November, whipping destructive winds and dumping torrential rainfall over a wide area, triggering extensive flooding in several areas, including Metro Manila, and which has led to further displacement and increased the hardship of vulnerable people. Heavy rains affected the Bicol provinces where flooding incidents were reported in 37 municipalities. Catanduanes, which was the worst-hit province by Typhoon Goni, experienced flash floods and landslides. The provincial governor lamented that response efforts are back to zero as house repairs and temporary shelters were again destroyed. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2020)

Typhoon Vamco is the Philippines' 21st tropical cyclone for 2020. Still suffering from Super Typhoon Goni, Bicol was the first to face Typhoon Vamco's winds and rain, as the typhoon triggered floods in parts of the region. The island province of Catanduanes and provinces of Albay, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur, that bore the brunt of Typhoon Goni in late October. However, the main impact of the typhoon was to Metro Manila and its adjacent provinces. The densely populated capital region of Metro Manila, though not directly hit by the center of the typhoon, is also affected with floods, fallen trees and power cables down leading to power outages across different cities. Nearby dams are closed to spilling, which could aggravate flooding. Airline flights and mass transit in the capital were suspended while the coast guard stopped port operations. Government work was suspended, and financial markets were shut. Hundreds of residents were forced to flee their homes on Thursday as water in Marikina River surpassed the peak level during the onslaught of Typhoon Vamco. (IFRC, 14 Nov 2020)

In the Philippines, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reports a total of 1,730,458 people affected as of 15 November 2020. A total of 324,363 individuals are displaced in 2,980 evacuation centres. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) confirms 67 deaths, 21 injured and 15 missing persons. More provinces have been increasingly affected. The flood in the provinces of Pampanga, Bulacan, and Nueva Ecija in Central Luzon continues to rise as its major river systems have risen above critical levels as of morning of 15 November. Thousands of families in the provinces of Cagayan and Isabela remain stranded on top of their houses waiting for rescue. Clearing operations and relief assistance continue to be difficult in Marikina City, Rizal, Laguna, Aurora and Quezon provinces, where Vamco has displaced population since 13 November. The local government units of these areas have asked for immediate life-saving and relief assistance. (ECHO, 15 Nov 2020)

In Viet Nam, VAMCO (Storm No. 13) made landfall on 15 November as a Category 1 storm over Ha Thinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue Provinces with wind speeds of up to 100 kph. According to the National Hydrometeorological Forecast Center (NHFC) as of 15 November it is moving inland in a north-west direction toward the Laos border, and is forecast to reduce intensity to tropical depression. Those provinces affected by TC VAMCO are the same areas already bearing the impact of multiple storms and floods that have struck Viet Nam since the beginning of October. This latest storm will exacerbate the situation further and increase the vulnerabilities and needs of affected communities. (UNCT Viet Nam, 15 Nov 2020) According to the Authorities of Vietnam, five people have been injured (two in Quang Tri Province and three in Quang Nam Province) more than 325,000 people have been evacuated and 55 communes remained without electricity in Quang Binh Province. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

Following the passage of VAMCO over central Luzon (northern Philippines) on 11 November, the number of deaths stands at 67 and more than 2,700,000 people have been affected. 569,047 individuals are displaced, 304,065 (DSWD) are in evacuation centres and 265,001 (DSWD) are staying at relatives. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

As of 23 November, more than 200,000 people remain displaced, of which at least 139,000 people are being served inside 670 evacuation centers while approximately 83,000 people are being served outside evacuation centers. (Govt., of the Philippines, 23 Nov 2020)