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Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2020

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Heavy rainfall started in Sindh and Baluchistan from the 6 August and continued till the 7 August with intermissions. Continuous rain over a period of 24 hours caused massive flooding in Karachi, Hyderabad, Shaheed Benazirabad and Dadu of Sindh province. However, Tehsil Johi in Dadu district is the area which is greatly affected by flash floods. It has been reported that floods are not only damaging infrastructures and houses but also destroyed crops in Johi Tehsil. Government of Sindh has declared 80 villages in Dadu district as “Calamity Affected Areas’’. The floods also hit different parts of Baluchistan including Kacchi, Sibbi, Harnai, Naseerabad, Jafferabad and Jhal Magsi districts where Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad districts as the most affected areas according to the rapid needs' assessment report. On 18 August, the Government of Baluchistan also declared emergency in Jhal Magsi district.

Dadu district, located at the border between Baluchistan and Sindh, was the worst hit area in recent monsoon floods. Multiple breaches reported in ‘Flood Protection Embankment’ on 8 August, which triggered flooding in at least 200 villages in Johi Taluka (Tehsil), Dadu district.According to the data collected form Revenue Department at Taluka Revenue Office Johi by PRCS teams, 109 villages in 84 Dehs (villages) of seven UCs (out of total 14 UCs) of Taluka Johi were hit by flood/flash flood. Total population in these affected UCs is approximately 136,520 which is scattered, and these type of topography makes them more vulnerable and inaccessible.

Torrential rains that lashed 22 districts of Baluchistan province on 7 August caused flooding and damaged bridges and highways, cutting off highways Gwadar-Karachi, Quetta-Jacobabad from main cities. Several parts of the province were inundated with floodwaters and the paramilitary personnel were called in to evacuate people to safer areas. In Bolan area, flash floods swamped and damaged the main Quetta-Sibi highway at various points, cutting off the area with the provincial capital. Initially, it has been reported that Jhal Magsi, Jafferabad, Sibi, Harnai, Naseerabad and Kachi districts areas are badly affected by the floods. In Jhal Magsi district alone, six UC and 40 villages are completely washed away by heavy floods. Apart from damage of infrastructures and destruction to houses, seven persons are reported dead and more than 50 are injured, and the floods washed away standing crops and livestock on its way in district Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad. (IFRC, 20 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rains and associated flooding continue to affect Pakistan, resulting in at least 90 fatalities and injuring 40, according to national authorities. More than 1,080 houses, 5 bridges and 10 roads have been damaged or destroyed. On 24-25 August, rescue operations in Karachi, and Dadu Districts (Sindh Province) saw the evacuation of 1,544 individuals, after flooding and landslides. Media report 3 people killed and hundreds of homes and streets inundated. Additional rain and thunderstorms are forecast over most of Pakistan on 26-27 August. (ECHO, 26 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rains and associated flooding continue to affect Pakistan, resulting in at least 163 fatalities, and more than 100 injured, as reported by national authorities on 30 August. More than 1,590 houses, nine bridges and 10 roads were damaged or destroyed. Over 20-29 August, heavy rain and urban flooding occurred in Karachi City (Sindh Province), leading to at least 27 fatalities and 13 injured. National authorities are carrying out rescue and relief activities, while food items have been distributed to the affected population. Heavy rain is forecast over most of Punjab, northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, and AJK Regions on 31 August - 1 September. (ECHO, 31 Aug 2020)

Torrential rainfall continues to affect Pakistan, causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to an increasing number of casualties and damage. Over 31 August - 1 September, at least 13 people died and 27 have been injured following flash floods and landslides in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Since the beginning of the monsoon season, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports 189 fatalities, 128 injuries and 2,245 damaged houses. (ECHO, 3 Sep 2020)

After flash floods, triggered by monsoon rain occurred across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (north-west Pakistan) on 31 August-2 September, the number of fatalities and damage continues to increase According to national authorities, 30 individuals died, and 38 others were injured in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, during the recent flash flood event. More than 130 houses, one bridge, and a worship place have been damaged or destroyed. Several roads have been blocked or damaged by flash floods, isolating many communities Since the beginning of monsoon season in Pakistan at least 206 people have died, while 139 individuals have been injured. (ECHO, 4 Sep 2020)

As monsoon rains continue to batter different parts of Pakistan, casualties have risen to over 230 people and 170 people being injured. Sindh is the most impacted province with some 2.27 million people being affected. According to the Government, over 214.000 houses are partially or fully damaged, and around 1 million acres of crops are destroyed. Over 23,600 people have been displaced and are hosted across nearly 200 relief camps. (OCHA, 8 Sep 2020)

Monsoon rains continue to affect several provinces since mid-June and so far have resulted in the death of 400 people, over 390 people injured, and more than 217,000 houses being partially or completed damaged. Sindh Province remains the most affected area, where over 68,000 people are currently displaced in relief camps. (OCHA, 22 Sep 2020)

A massive landslide occurred in Gilgit-Baltistan Region (northern Pakistan) on 18 October, causing casualties and damage. Media report, as of 19 October, at least 16 fatalities due to the accident occurred to a bus in Tangus Village area, on the mountain road between Rawalpindi City (Punjab Province) and Skardu Town. The landslide followed heavy rain in the area and construction works on Skardu road to widen it. (ECHO, 19 Oct 2020)

During August and early September, Pakistan was severely hit by monsoon rains and urban flooding resulting in 409 deaths, 402 injured and 305,151 fully or partially destroyed homes. While damage and casualties were registered in several districts, the province of Sindh was worst affected and declared an emergency on 25 August. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2020)

According to WFP, the floods have destroyed this year’s main crops, in particular cotton, wheat and chili. This has particularly affected women who often work as casual labourers to pick chili and cotton. Although flood water has drained away in most areas, much of the agricultural land remains uncultivable, thus preventing farmers from planting for the next season. The loss of infrastructure, crops and livelihoods has exacerbated the province’s already precarious food security and nutrition situation. (WFP, 16 Dec 2020)