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Nigeria: Floods - Jul 2020

Tipos de desastres

Heavy rains on 2 August in an IDP camp in Bama LGA partially damaged or destroyed at least 475 shelters, affecting some 2,481 IDPs. The rains, which lasted four hours the day before, left areas of the camp submerged in water. Food stocks and non-food items such as mats, children’s learning materials and clothing were also damaged or destroyed. Humanitarian partners conducted a rapid assessment on 3 August, as well as relocated 96 shelters to dry land and deployed 20 trucks of sand to reinforce shelters and fill sandbags to hold back the flood waters. The Nigerian Hydrological Services Agency warned that severe flooding would affect most parts of the country throughout August and September. Partners have been prepositioning food and other items to mitigate the effects of the rainy season in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. Several camps, such as the one flooded in Bama town, started as spontaneous settlements in flood-prone areas. Humanitarian partners are advocating for land to be allocated to relocate some of these camps. (OCHA, 11 Aug 2020)

On 6 October 2020, flood levels at the hydrological stations monitored in Niamey (Niger Republic) and Malan Ville (Benin Republic) reached the red alert zone due to the intensity of the torrential rainfall and caused flooding in Jigawa, Kebbi, Kwara, Sokoto, and Zamfara state (amongst other states) affecting 91,254 people or 15,209 households...The situation in Kebbi – the country's biggest rice-producing state – is especially dire, as vast farmlands are completely submerged due to the most recent rains. Meanwhile in Jigawa state, a total of 18 out of 27 Local Government Areas (LGA)s have been affected, with Gwaram, Birnin Kudu, Kirikasamma, and Gumel as the worst hit. Wide swaths of farmlands have been washed away with a loss of crops amounting to billions of Naira...Kwara State is also concerning as more than 5,000 households have been affected. The government estimates damage worth N10bn have been incurred...Since September to date, torrential rainfall, river floods and flash floods have cumulatively impacted 192,594 people across Nigeria. Some 826 injuries and 155 fatalities have so far been recorded and 24,134 people are reported to be displaced. Most of the those affected are children. Wide swaths of farmlands have also been washed away with a loss of crops amounting to billions of naira. These floods have so far impacted 22 states in the country’s six geo-political zones: North West (4 state), North Central (4 states), North East (4 state), South East (4 states), South-South (3 states) and South West (3 state). This earlier flooding had weakened Nigeria’s water supply and road infrastructure, killing dozens and leading to disease outbreaks. (IFRC, 19 Oct 2020)