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Mongolia: Flash Floods - Jun 2020

Disaster types
Flash Flood
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Flash floods occurred in several parts of Mongolia due to prolonged heavy rainfall which started since 17 June 2020 and is expected to continue until the end of July as officials stated. The rainfall is averaged to be 33-39 millimeters across the country and highest sum of precipitation was recorded to be 69 millimeters in Dzuunmod city in Tuv province on 21 June 2020 and 85 millimeters in Khutagt soum in Bulgan province on 8 July 2020. (IFRC, 11 Jul 2020)

On 3-4 July, flash floods triggered by heavy rain were reported over parts of Mongolia, resulting in fatalities and damage. Media report that 5 people died in Ömnögovi Province (central south Mongolia), and 3 fatalities occurred in Sükhbaatar Province (east Mongolia). Flash floods affected Töv, Khövsgöl, and Khentii provinces, causing damage to approximately 2,360 houses, and killing 7,000 animals. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over central Mongolia on 9-10 July. (ECHO, 17 Jul 2020)

Flash floods have been occurring across the country at different scales due to prolonged heavy rain fall since middle of June and continuing till date. The rainfall is averaged from 50 to 60 millimeters across the country and the highest precipitation of 85 millimeters recorded in Bulgan province on 8 July 2020. Since 17 June, heavy rain and the resulting flash floods have damaged over 3,000 households and public infrastructure such as roads, bridges, electricity sub-stations. Several major roads connecting the following cities and towns were severely damaged: i) Khuvsgul to Bulgan province; ii) Tuv province to Ulaanbaatar city; iii) Arkhangai to Zavkhan province and iv) Murun city to Khatgal soum in Khuvsgul province. As of 16 July, these roads are being repaired and beginning to be accessible for transportation. In Uvs province, 556 people are stranded due to flash floods and have been sheltered in school dorms, hotels in Sagil soum. (IFRC, 17 Jul 2020)

The prolonged rain across the country affected both urban and rural areas in Mongolia. Approximately 13,875 people or 3570 households were affected with 10 casualties. Food security is becoming an issue due to damaged roads unable to transport the food items to the evacuated people. Uvs provincial emergency commission has gathered and discussing what necessary actions must be taken to bring the evacuated people home. Provincial emergency commission preparing to mobilize rescue helicopter to rescue people with immediate needs including pregnant women, people with chronic disease. (IFRC, 21 Jul 2020)